Техника. Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy. [Редактировать]

Стратосферная обсерватория ИК-астрономии  — совместный проект НАСА и Германского центра авиации и космонавтики по созданию и использованию телескопа системы Кассегрена, работающего с борта летящего самолета. Первые изображения с помощью этого телескопа были получены 26 мая 2010, астрономические наблюдения велись около 2 минут, в ходе которых были сняты Юпитер и ядра галактики M82. Первый научный вылет состоялся в начале декабря этого же года и шёл около 10 часов, в течение которых проводились наблюдения области активного звездообразования в туманности Ориона.

SOFIA расположен на борту широкофюзеляжного самолета Boeing 747SP, который был модифицирован для установки телескопа-рефлектора с 2.5 метровой апертурой в задней части фюзеляжа и работает на высотах 12−14 км, в стратосфере. Первоначально телескоп был разработан для астрономических наблюдений в инфракрасной области спектра, но также может быть использован для наблюдений в частотах видимой области спектра. Водяной пар, находящийся в атмосфере Земли, поглощает некоторые ИК волны на их пути к поверхности планеты, но возможности проекта SOFIA позволяют поднять телескоп достаточно высоко, чтобы он был выше основной массы пара атмосферы. На высоте полета самолета доступно около 85 % всего ИК спектра. Самолет может перелететь практически в любую точку планеты, позволяя вести наблюдения как в Северном, так и в Южном полушариях. После завершения разработок, ожидается, что в течение следующих 20 лет самолет сможет совершать по 3 — 4 ночных полета с наблюдениями в неделю.

Научные инструменты
В настоящее время в разработке 7 первых научных приборов, пять из которых производятся Американской стороной проекта и два со стороны Германии. В список научных приборов входят: камеры, спектрометры и фотометры работающие в ближнем, среднем и дальнем ИК диапазонах. Некоторые научные инструменты предназначены для конкретных явлений, т.е. узконаправленные, другие же предназначены для широкого спектра задач и способны работать одновременно с другими инструментами для получения информации от изучаемых объектов и явлений.

Телескоп обладает следующими научными приборами:

  • EXES (Echelon-Cross-Echelle Spectrograph)
  • FIFI-LS (Field Imaging Far Infrared Line Spectrometer)
  • FLITECAM (First Light Infrared Test Eperiment CAMera)
  • FORCAST (Faint Object InfrRed CAmera for the SOFIA Telescope)
  • GREAT (German REceiver for Astronomy at Terahertz Frequencies)
  • HAWC+ (High-resolution Airborne Wideband Camera)
  • HIPO (High Speed Imaging Photometer for Occultation)

SOFIA телескоп
Подобно большинству современных научных телескопов, телескоп SOFIA использует зеркало для накопления и фокусировки света от исследуемых объектов. Зеркальные телескопы более практичны в использовании и дёшевы в изготовлении по сравнению с телескопами, использующими линзы для тех же целей. Основное зеркало расположено в нижней части телескопа и имеет 2.7 метра в диаметре. Поверхность зеркала глубоко вогнута, тщательно отшлифована и имеет покрытие из алюминия для обеспечения максимальной отражательной способности. Входящий световой поток отражается от поверхности основного зеркала и направляется обратно к переднему краю телескопа, где расположено вторичное выгнутое зеркало диаметром 0.4 метра, направляющее свет от исследуемого объекта обратно к первичному. На пути дважды отражённого и сконцентрированного света на расстоянии примерно в 1 метр от поверхности первичного зеркала расположено следующее, но уже плоское зеркало, отражающее свет в сторону от зеркальной системы телескопа внутрь самолёта, где расположена фокальная плоскость телескопа. Здесь сфокусированный поток света регистрируется и анализируется одним из научных приборов.

Дополнительные наименования

#НаименованияПоиск в новостяхПоиск в документах
1SOFIAНайтиНайти

Новостная лента[Найти информацию в новостях] [Найти информацию в документах]

#Новостная лента.
12014-12-15. DLR возвратила НАСА воздушную обсерваторию SOFIA. Основной задачей, решаемой в Германии, являлось проведение капитального ремонт самолета. В качестве подрядчика выступала Lufthansa Technik. Трудоемкость операций по обслуживанию составила 60,000 часов. В ходе ремонта подрядчик выполнил следующие работы: демонтаж и повторная сборка кабины, замена шасси, проверка и обслуживание всех структур самолета, замена двух двигателей.Тэги: Немецкий аэрокосмический центрStratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy
22015-01-10. Kepler и SOFIA, две астрономические миссии НАСА под угрозой закрытия из-за технических и бюджетных ограничений. SOFIA это самолет серии Боинг-747SP который оборудован 2.5 метровым инфракрасным телескопом. Угрозу данному проекту составляла возможность резкого снижения уровня финансирования (до 12.3 млн. в 2015 году, по сравнению с 87.4 в 2014 году). Однако, конгресс нашел возможности увеличить данный объем до 70 млн. долл. Космический аппарат Kepler в 2014 году испытывал технические проблемы с маховиками и двигателем ориентации на Солнце. Однако, по заверению НАСА сейчас все проблемы уже решены. Особенностью найденного решения является использование солнечного ветра для стабилизации аппарата. Тэги: KeplerStratospheric Observatory for Infrared AstronomyЕвропейское космическое агентство
32015-01-15. Стратосферная обсерватория ИК-астрономии (SOFIA) 13 января 2015 года начала третий сезон научных полетов.Тэги: Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy
42015-02-03. NASA получила дополнительное финансирование аэрообсерватории SOFIA.
SOFIAЧерез год после приостановки на модернизацию самолета проекта Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA), Белый Дом попросил конгресс увеличить бюджетное финансирование на эксплуатацию установленного на Боинг 747 космического телескопа.
Как часть бюджетной заявки на 2016 год NASA попросило о выделении 85 млн долл на продолжение программу по эксплуатации обсерватории. Это значение на 20 процентов выше чем выделенные в 2014 году средства.
Перед последним слушанием в сенате руководство НАСА сказало, что часть средств пойдет на разработку нового телескопа.Тэги: Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Диаметр (телескопа), метра2.5

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Прогнозируемая стоимость (разработки), млн. долл.2003-01-01373.0
2Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2003-01-01604.5
3Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2007-01-012954.5
4Прогнозируемая стоимость (формулировки проекта), млн. долл.2007-01-0135.0
5Прогнозируемая стоимость (разработки), млн. долл.2007-01-01919.5
6Прогнозируемая стоимость (работы с аппаратом), млн. долл.2007-01-012000.0
7Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2012-01-013002.9
8Прогнозируемая стоимость (формулировки проекта), млн. долл.2012-01-0135.0
9Прогнозируемая стоимость (разработки), млн. долл.2012-01-011128.4
10Прогнозируемая стоимость (работы с аппаратом), млн. долл.2012-01-011839.5

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... commonly used in radio and infrared astronomy. 1 Jy = 10 ---26 W/(m2 Hz... technology for rapid target detection and mapping) Atmospheric Effects of Stratospheric Aircraft... (Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy), the OSO (Onsala Space Observatory) and ESO. In 2013, the ArTeMiS (Bolometer arrays for wide... Activity (Shuttle) EASOE . . . . . . . . European Arctic Stratospheric Ozone Experiment (campaign) EBCCD . . . . . . . . Electron... Teide Observatory at Tenerife, Spain. (UN) Economic and Social Commission for Asia... . . . . . . . . . . . European Southern Observatory. ESO is an intergovernmental, European organization for astronomical research... the global leader in radio astronomy for the next ten or twenty... Center for Radio Astronomy) in Perth, Australia and at ESO (European Southern Observatory... is named AKTs FIRAS (radio astronomy) Far Infrared Submillimeter Telescope (an astrophysics... operating range). It is used for astronomy about 6500 _____________________ 6821) ”From... sea level. 6831) GOMAS . . . . . . . Geostationary Observatory for Microwave Atmospheric Sounding (a proposed project... ASTRO observatory) HV . . . . . . . . . . . . Horizontal transmit --- Vertical receive polarization HYDROMET . . Committee for Hydrometeorology... services for the ESA astronomy and solar missions at ESAC (European Space Astronomy...) Indium antimonide (detector type material for infrared region) Instituto National de Técnica... software for deriving precipitation measurements from satellites) IRAS . . . . . . . . . . InfraRed Astronomical Satellite (an astronomy... bodies responsible for the definition of OSI) ISO . . . . . . . . . . . . Infrared Space Observatory [ESA space... named KAO (Korea Astronomy Observatory). KASI is the national astronomy research institute of... Gravitational---wave Observatory. LIGO is a research facility designed to listen for gravitational... for Assessing the Effects of Stratospheric Aircraft (campaign) Mission Adaptive Environment for Spacecraft... . . . . . Multi---Object Spectrometer For InfraRed Exploration (of the W. M. Keck Observatory, located near the... higher storage density. NAO . . . . . . . . . . National Astronomy Observatory, Tokyo, Japan (also NAOJ) NAPP... Division NCAR / High Altitude Observatory National Center for Advanced Small Spacecraft Technology... Infrared (Spectrometer) National Oceanographic Data Center (USA) Network for the Detection of Stratospheric... Space Telescope [NASA satellite (an infrared observatory positioned at L2) with a planned... 1997 National Optical Astronomy Observatory (the US national observatory for nighttime optical/infrared astronomy funded by... a chip---like substrate. National Radio Astronomy Observatory (USA). NRAO is a facility of.../GLAST astronomy satellite for NASA, the C/NOFS space weather satellite for the Air... Observatory). OWL is a next---generation optical and near---infrared telescope, dubbed OWL for... Centre for Remote Sensing). PBL . . . . . . . . . . . Planetary Boundary Layer PBO . . . . . . . . . . . Plate Boundary Observatory... . . . . . . . . . Space InfraRed Telescope Facility (NASA/JPL, a spaceborne cryogenic infrared observatory dedicated to astronomy, a launch... Cell SOFIA . . . . . . . . . Stratospheric Observatory For Infrared Astronomy (P.195). A cooperative NASA and DLR astronomy observatory. A Boeing 747---SP...) for military, space and commercial applications. SOHO . . . . . . . . . Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (see K.27) SOI . . . . . . . . . . . . Silicon---On---Insulator (thin insulator technology for... Tool for Astronomy (Shuttle). SPARTAN is a small free---flying vehicle (about 1 x 1.25 x 1.5 m) for... the Belgian Institute for Space Aeronomy, the Royal Observatory of Belgium and... Tissue Loss---1 (Shuttle experiment) STOIC . . . . . . . . . Stratospheric Ozone Intercomparison Campaign STORM---FEST...---1 . . . . . . . . . Space Test Payload---1 (Shuttle) STRAT . . . . . . . . . Stratospheric Tracers of Atmospheric Transport (campaign... by AURA (Association of Universities for Astronomy Research) under contract to NASA... Height (altimetry) A NASA astronomy mission (a multi---wavelength observatory) to study GRBs (Gamma... for Research in Astronomy), and ACURA (Association of Canadian Universities for Research in Astronomy... Infrared (spectrum) VIS . . . . . . . . . . . . Visible (spectrum 0.4 --- 0.7 mm) VISTA . . . . . . . . . Visible and Infrared Survey Telescope for Astronomy (ESO, a 4 m aperture telescope, at the Paranal Observatory in... built by the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO) near Socorro, New Mexico...--- channel--- 37--- must--- see--- tv--- for--- radio--- astronomy/ 3907 VLBI . . . . . . . . . . VLCC . . . . . . . . . VLDS... is planned for no later than 2014. VSOP . . . . . . . . . . VLBI Space Observatory Program...) WISE . . . . . . . . . . Wide---field Infrared Survey Explorer (a NASA MIDEX astronomy mission, all---sky...



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... Telescope, the premier space-based observatory. To enable this launch date... Telescope, the premier space-based observatory. To enable this launch date... the Pathfinder. Currently, the Mid-InfraRed Instrument (MIRI) cryocooler system is....  The MMS mission completed all observatory environmental testing.  The NASA instruments...-14-3: Complete Magnetospheric Multiscale (MMS) Observatory #4 Environmental Test.  HE-14-5: Complete... the other hemisphere. When northern stratospheric winds slow down, they affect...’s highest clouds. When the northern stratospheric winds speed up, the southern... produce what is called the stratospheric polar vortex, which leads to... this performance goal. Heliophysics System Observatory Tracks Energy Through Near-Earth... data from the Heliophysics System Observatory to track the journey solar... measurements from NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO). As the magnetic field... Solar TErrestrial RElations Observatory (STEREO), Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO), Hinode, and..., spacecraft in NASA’s Heliophysics System Observatory (HSO) observed the solar wind... Performance Indicator For FY 2014: Complete Magnetospheric Multiscale (MMS) Observatory #4 Environmental Test. Planned Future Performance For FY 2015: HE.... However, data from the Widefield Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) and the... The recently reactivated Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) has been... sky in infrared light (3.4 and 4.6 micron wavelength bands), searching for very dark... Goldstone, California, and the Arecibo Observatory in Puerto Rico. These unique... for the Asteroid Redirect Mission full capture concept. Analysis of Spitzer’s infrared... exoplanets to nearly 1,700. • The Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) achieved Full Operational Capability... the universe.  AS-14-5: Conduct Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) science flights to provide... 2018 launch date. The Mid-InfraRed Instrument (MIRI) cryocooler system is... have used NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory and the European Space Agency...’s Herschel Space Observatory have pieced together the evolutionary sequence for compact elliptical... of the biggest mysteries in astronomy, how stars blow up in... (NuSTAR). The high-energy X-ray observatory has created the first map... FY 2013 FY 2014 For FY 2014: Conduct Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) science flights... Performance For FY 2015: AS-15-3: Complete commissioning flights for the Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Echelon-Cross-Echelle Spectrograph (EXES) science instrument. For FY 2016: AS-16-3: Complete commissioning flights for Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA... Rating In February 2014, the Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA), a 2.7-meter telescope mounted onboard.... Using data from the W. M. Keck observatory in Hawaii, scientists measured the... launch of the Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO)-2 mission. FY 2014 Annual... 2015. • Continue development of the Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment (SAGE...-14-2: Complete the Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO)-2 observatory testing.  ES-14-4: Launch... approaches were a focus of research. Stratospheric-Troposphere Processes and their Role... recently completed report, “Lifetimes of Stratospheric Ozone-Depleting Substances, Their Replacements... previous studies. Research showed that stratospheric water vapor variations play an... stratospheric water vapor increased with tropospheric temperature, implying the existence of a stratospheric... for the deployment of new multi-technique core geodetic observatories: McDonald Observatory in Texas was selected for the western U.S. site; and NASA’s Kokee Park Geophysical Observatory on Kauai and the Haleakala Observatory on Maui were selected for... Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS), Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS), and...  NASA launched the Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO)-2 on July 2, 2014. OCO... Satellite (ICESat)-2 Spacecraft Readiness for Integration Review. For FY 2016: ES-16...-5 Green For FY 2014: Complete the Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO)-2 observatory testing. Planned Future Performance For FY 2015... of Education’s National Center for Education Statistics for a minimum of two of... of Education’s National Center for Education Statistics for a minimum of two of... of Education’s National Center for Education Statistics for a minimum of two of... operational communications data.  Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO)-2, launched on July 2, 2014...-15-3 - Complete commissioning flights for the Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Echelon-Cross-Echelle Spectrograph..., 2012, by the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO). Credit: NASA/SDO Strategic...



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... Expendable Launches ..................................................................................................................................... 13 Space Science Astronomy and Space Physics ........................................................................................................................ Solar System... Space Telescope, NASA’s first Great Observatory launched in April 1990, continued... in superconducting electronics to provide infrared images for purposes such as conservation... iodide used for high-energy detectors, triglycine sulfate used for sensitive infrared detectors, and gallium arsenide used for the most... Mt. Stromlo Observatory near Canberra, have produced strong evidence for invisible matter..., observations with the National Radio Astronomy Observatory 12-meter millimeter-wave telescope... Astrophysical Observatory (SAO) in Cambridge, MA, as well as the Center for..., provided by the High-Altitude Observatory in Boulder, CO), should produce... Space Telescope,NASA’s first Great Observatory launched in April 1990, continued.... NASA’s second Great Observatory,the Compton Gamma Ray Observatory (GRO) launched in.... The finding from the x-ray observatory added weight to the theory... coronograph designed at the SmithsonianAstrophysical Observatory (SAO) for studies of the sun..., provided by the High-Altitude Observatory in Boulder, CO), should produce... observationsmade at Kitt Peak National Observatory in AZ to correct information... Mt. Stromlo Observatory near Canberra, have produced strong evidence for invisible matter..., observations with the National Radio Astronomy Observatory 12-meter millimeterwave telescope on... National Observatory’s 4-meter and 2.1 -meter telescopes and the Cerro-Tolodo Interamerican Observatory... placed instrumentsaboard NASA’s Kuiper Airborne Observatory (a C- 141 aircraft equipped with a 0.97... sulfate used for sensitive allow preparation of materials with optimum infrared detectors, and gallium arsenide used for the properties... Earth infrared backgrounds and emissions research. MSTI-3 and 4 were scheduled for launch... designed by the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory but involving other participants including... sensitivearrays of Detectors to provide infrared images for purposes such as conservation... missions 35 (HST, IUE, Compton Observatory, EUVE, UARS, COBE, ERBS, NIMBUS... scientificdisciplines as geophysics, astrophysics, and astronomy. The worldwide capability further allowed... simultaneously from the Table Mountain Observatory near Wrightwood, CA, and the... of very small effects on stratospheric ozone from a fleet of low... than in measure the Earth’s stratospheric environment, parany previous year). Extensive... of the infrared spectrum. In order to quantify emission sources for the...: Shuttle Point Autonomous Research Tool for Astronomy (SPARTAN-201),a heeflying payload with... ROSAT CRRES Compton Gamma Ray Observatory Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite Extreme... STS flight. Launched Gamma Ray Observatory to measure celestial gamma-rays... Advanced Automation System Airborne Arctic Stratospheric Expedition Anti-Ballistic Missile Arinc... Program; Apollo-Soyuz Test Project Astronomy Observatory A measure for distances in space, equal... Cooperative Institute for Research in the Atmosphere Cryogenic Infrared Radiance Instrumentation for Shuttle... Global Positioning System Gamma Ray Observatory The temporary gain in lift... High Definition Television High Energy Astronomy Observatory High-Energy Solar Physics Highly... Group Infrared Infrared Astronomy Satellite Icing Research Tunnel Intelsat Solar Array Coupon Improved Stratospheric...-band Link Experiment Kuiper Airborne Observatory-a C-141 Starlifter at Ames Research... nitrogen oxide NOx National Radio Astronomy Observatory NRAO NASA Scatterometer NSCAT NASA... Acceleration Mapping System Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory Shuttle Amateur Radio Experiment Satellite... Launch Vehicle SNOWpack TELemetry Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy Solar and Heliospheric Observatory solar flare solar... Visible and Infrared Imaging Spectrometer, Atlas 11, 3, 13 Atmospheric Laboratory for Applications...-26 Center for Particle Astrophysics (NSF), 10, 15-16 astronomy, 1-2, 12, 14... space physics Cerro-Tolodo Interamerican Observatory, 16 Chernomyrdin, Russian Prime Minister... Act, 9,56 Compton Gamma Ray Observatory, 14 computational fluid dynamics, 38..., 43 heliopause, 1, 14 High-Altitude Observatory, 10, 15 high angle-of..., 12, 13 Kitt Peak National Observatory, 10, 15-16 Kopernikus, see...-3 Krikalev, Sergei, 63 Kuiper Airborne Observatory, 18 laminar flow control, 41..., 37,40,42 Mt. Stromlo Observatory, 10, 15-16 Lawrence Livermore..., and studies, 8, 15, National Radio Astronomy Observatory, 10 26,27,45,46..., 9, 11, 66, 69 Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, 10, 15 Pathfinder data sets... of Houston, 70 Table Mountain Observatory, 36 University of Illinois, 9 TALON...



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... missions and radio and radar astronomy observations for the exploration of the... NASA’s twin Solar TErrestrial RElations Observatory (STEREO) spacecraft, launched in 2006... September 7, 2011, NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) provided scientists with new... universe. Similarly, the Herschel Space Observatory, on February 6, 2011, revealed how... flight using the German REceiver for Astronomy at Terahertz Frequencies (GREAT) scientific...-infrared spectrometer that finely divides and sorts light into component wavelengths for detailed analysis. SOFIA is the world’s largest airborne observatory. It... outburst, A c t i v i t i e s On April 6, 2011, NASA’s Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy 2 0 1 1 there must have been an... the observatory’s science instruments. The coating will allow the Webb telescope’s “infrared... gold, selected for its ability to properly reflect infrared light from the... X-ray Observatory, the Far Ultraviolet Spectroscopic Explorer, and the Spitzer Infrared Observatory. In 2011, NIST provided results for atomic sulfur... data for chromium and cobalt are cur- A e r o n a u t i c s a n d R e p o r t NASA’s ultraviolet and infrared spaced... provided calibration support for the infrared and optical sensors for several satellite missions...), and the second Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO II). NIST F i s c a l climate variable... instrumentation for the EUV Variability Experiment (EVE) aboard NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory... aerospace industry for the calibration of infrared remote sensing systems for the Missile... portable infrared filter radiometer for this application, and the or as an infrared... infrared calibration of test sources and calibration standards for infrared astronomy. the Ocean Radiometer for... an evacuated, temperature-controlled infrared test chamber for study- A e r o n a u t i c s a n d R e p o r t deep space. NASA... infrared spectral region to provide the measurement standards and calibrations required for the next generation of infrared satellite sensors used for weather... at the MacDonald Observatory to begin a systematic search for exoplanets around 300... Photography Contract. This acquisition was for color infrared film at 1-meter ground.... 137 F i s c a l agency for the support of ground-based astronomy and space science... National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO), the Arecibo Observatory (AO), the National Optical Astronomy Observatory (NOAO), and the National Solar Observatory (NSO). The NSF also served as the executive agency for the Gemini Observatory—an international partnership operating optical/infrared telescopes... private funding was Arizona’s Steward Observatory Mirror Lab started preliminary figuring... neutrinos with the IceCube Neutrino Observatory (ICNO), fully completed and commissioned... year of operations for NASA’s Spitzer Space Telescope, whose Infrared Array Camera..., together with the Harvard College Observatory in Cambridge, 2 0 1 1 The Smithsonian Institution...’s Great Observatories, the Chandra X-ray Observatory studies the high-energy universe... by the Chandra X-ray Observatory in FY 11. For example, astronomers using... Submillimeter Array (SMA), a pioneering observatory for radio astronomy, continued to engage in a wide... popular monthly Observatory Night lectures and observing sessions. Begun by observatory director... 2 Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer 2 Arecibo Observatory Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Animal... Center for Hypersonic Combined Cycle Propulsion Commercially Hosted Infrared Payload Cosmic Infrared Background Experiment Center for Integrated Space... and Interior Laboratory German REceiver for Astronomy at Terahertz Frequencies Geospace Section... IceCube Neutrino Observatory International Production Assessment Division Integrated Pest Management infrared Infrared Array Camera Indian Regional Navigational Satellite System Integrated Software for... and Atmospheric Administration National Optical Astronomy Observatory nitrogen oxides nanophase iron National... NASA Research Announcement National Radio Astronomy Observatory Natural Resources Conservation Service National... Boom Sensor System Orbiting Carbon Observatory Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development... Geographic Information Council National Solar Observatory National Space Organization (Taiwan) NASA... Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory standard and recommended practices Space Based Infrared System Geosynchronous... Communications and Navigation Solar Dynamics Observatory Southern Great Plains Solar, Heliosphere... superconducting nanowire single photon detector Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy Space Exploration Technologies Special Purpose..., and mathematics Solar TErrestrial RElations Observatory Space Test Program Super Dual...



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... V. SPACE STUDIES AND EXPLORATION 50 A. ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS B. PLASMA AND ATMOSPHERIC...’s Science Programme Committee for implementation, with launches planned for 2017 and 2019... a new launch contract for a satellite providing services for DIRECTV Latin America. The... species from protective gases such stratospheric ozone to damaging pollutants like...-4 satellite was postponed for approximately 25 days for technical reasons with the... satellites being built for Europe’s broad Global Monitoring for Environment and Security... relative humidity from the Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) instrument on NASA... 23 October. The ROSAT Xray astronomy observatory was smaller and less massive... 2011 V. SPACE STUDIES AND EXPLORATION A. Astronomy and Astrophysics 5 January 2011: Two... Andromeda Galaxy ever taken at infrared wavelengths, and XMM-Newton shows... 2011: At the 217th American Astronomy Society Meeting, the Kepler science... 2011: The Infrared Imaging Satellite "AKARI" and the X-ray Astronomy Satellite "Suzaku... January 2011: NASA’s Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) has captured... announced that ESA’s Herschel space observatory has discovered a population of dust... was announced that the Chandra Observatory found superfluid in a neutron star... observations made by the Suzaku observatory provided the clearest picture to... 2011: ESA’s Integral gamma-ray observatory has spotted extremely hot matter... Space Telescope and Chandra X-ray Observatory teamed up to study one... April 2011: The Herschel space observatory has revealed that nearby interstellar... data from NASA’s Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) mission. >> 26... released by NASA’s Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer mission, or WISE... 2011: The XMM-Newton space observatory has watched a faint star flare...-ray observatory has provided results that will dramatically affect the search for... taken by NASA’s Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) mission discovered... observations from NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory will help tackle two of... for its observations of the sun. >> 2 August 2011: The Herschel Space Observatory’s large telescope and state-of-the-art infrared detectors...: Astronomers using NASA’s Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer have captured rare... from the Herschel Space Observatory, astronomers have detected for the first time.... >> 26 October 2011: The Japanese infrared astronomy satellite AKARI measured the sky... space - not only for scientific purposes, but perhaps for showcasing strategic intentions.... This provides valuable data for de-orbiting mechanisms for future satellites. >> Page... a light shade to protect the infrared sensors. 25 May 2011: NASA.... >> 28 November 2011: Japan's Akari infrared space telescope was switched off... the most advanced infrared vision of any space observatory, its technologies are... ESA by the Open Source Observatory and Repository (OSOR.eu). >> 26.... DLR will be responsible for mission operations for a period of five months... work with scientists aboard the Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) during research flights in....com to engage the amateur astronomy community to submit the best... proposed missions - the International X-Ray Observatory, a Europa-Jupiter probe known as... (Global Monitoring for Environment and Security) for Earth observation for the period 2014... Soyuz vehicles to allow for one seat for commercial paying passengers beginning... Euros for the supply of equipment for S-Band data communications systems for two CSO optical satellites, for MUSIS program, with an option for a third, and for three RADARSAT satellite observation... abandoned its future funding for the Global Monitoring for Environment and Security... history of space science and astronomy in South Africa. A new space... map when it comes to astronomy and research. Page 103 Highlights... be conducted on the orbital observatory. "Recognising the research opportunities available... of Astrobiology Organisations FITE Far Infrared Interferometric Telescope GALEX Galaxy Evolution... Science Experiment HMO Hermanus Magnetic Observatory HRSC High Resolution Stereo Camera... IAF International Astronautical Federation IASI Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer IAU International... IPS Inter Planetary Scintillation IR infrared IRAS Infrared Astronomy Satellite ISAS Institute of... ISO International Organisation for Standardization ISPRS International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote... X-ray Observatory JAXA Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency JSBSS Japanese Society for Biological...-Terrestial Physics SDO Solar Dynamic Observatory SDSC Satish Dhawan Space Centre..., and Interplanetary Environment SIR SMART-1 Infrared Spectrometer SIRTF Space Infra-Red... Mission for Advanced Research in Technology SOHO Solar and Heliospheric Observatory SOMA..., Japan) STEREO Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory STP Solar Terrestrial Probes STP... Low Frequency VSOP VLBI Space Observatory Programme WACCM Whole Atmosphere Community...



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...-239 Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy SMD-243 Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy SMD-247 Astrophysics Explorer Wide-field Infrared Survey... societal needs. Plans For FY 2008 1) OCO mission observatory Pre-Ship Review... conducts prime operations for the Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory (STEREO) and Hinode... the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO). If selected for development, the second....7 57.1 58.4 59.5 61.0 62.5 Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) 90.8 -- 77.3 89.1 88... planet-finding research and technology. Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) 0.0 77.3 The SOFIA Program... how stars and galaxy form. Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Following engine checkout in... Astrophysical Observatory, Cambridge, MA, hosts the principal investigator institution for the Infrared Array..., high-energy gamma-ray observatory designed for making observations of celestial gamma... for astronomy and physics for the current decade--is a large, deployable, spacebased, infrared astronomical observatory... for astronomy and physics for the decade--is a large, deployable, space-based infrared astronomical observatory. JWST conducted a replan in 2006 and is scheduled for... Parameters JWST will be optimized for infrared astronomy, with some capability in the... near-ultraviolet to the near-infrared. The observatory was designed to be... for science operations and science center. W.M. Keck Observatory, California Association for Research in Astronomy...: Science Astrophysics Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Program Budget Budget Authority ($ millions) Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA... Major Program Changes FY 2008 Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) FY 2007 PB... Directorate: Theme: Program: Science Astrophysics Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Program Relevance SOFIA will... offers a unique world-class facility for infrared astronomy covering parts of the spectrum... a 2.5 meter telescope optimized for infrared/sub-millimeter wavelength astronomy. In addition, the SOFIA... Directorate: Theme: Program: Science Astrophysics Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Implementation Schedule Project Prior... Directorate: Theme: Program: Science Astrophysics Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Program Risk Management Title...: Project In Development: Science Astrophysics Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Budget / Life Cycle... of Major Project Changes Project Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) The SOFIA project is...: Project In Development: Science Astrophysics Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Project Purpose Mission... Imaging Photometer for Occultation (HIPO) Lowell Observatory High-speed imaging photometer for Occultations...: Project In Development: Science Astrophysics Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Schedule Commitments The...) N/A N/A 2010 Development Cost Summary Project Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Base Year 2007 Base... Astrophysics Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Project Management The current replan places responsibility for SOFIA program management, aircraft observatory development, and flight...: Project In Development: Science Astrophysics Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Project Risk Management... the first space observatory covering the full far-infrared and sub-millimeter... space to date. The observatory will operate for 700 hours a year at... systems at White Sands for the Solar Dynamics Observatory and the Lunar... were added for: the Widefield Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE), the Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA), Aquarius, Glory, the Orbiting Carbon Observatory.../2008 5 Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) 2007 1,005.5 2007 1,005.5 1/1/2013 0 Wide-Field Infrared Survey... Deliver Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) instruments to spacecraft for integration. Living with... Deliver Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) instruments to spacecraft for integration. APG 7ESS15... Deliver Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) instruments to spacecraft for integration. Living with... TPF Terrestrial Planet Finder SOFIA Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy TPS Thermal Protection System SOHO...



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....8 93.9 James Webb Space Telescope Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) 398.6 448.3 371.9 311... Telescope (JWST) [Formulation], Sci-187 Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) [Development], Sci-193 Physics... also augmented via Heliophysics; accelerates Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) research capability to 2009... Telescope, Hubble Space Telescope, and Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Programs, will be projects... Science Pathfinder Increases funding for Orbiting Carbon Observatory and Aquarius to maintain... Webb Space Telescope Beyond Einstein Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Hubble Space Telescope Gamma..., as Cosmic demonstrated by beginning Stratospheric Observatory Origins for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) open-door testing..., as Cosmic demonstrated by beginning Stratospheric Observatory Origins for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) open-door testing....3 371.9 311.1 265.1 236.1 194.9 Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) 38.9 62.1 72.8 72....5 545.4 452.1 376.9 321.1 285.9 0 Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) 0 77.3 89.1 88.6 89..., James Webb Space Telescope, the Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy and the Spitzer Space telescope... into development by 2009. The Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy will begin early science. Spitzer..., stars, and planetary systems. Strategic Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Astronomical objects emit many.... Infrared is one form of this invisible energy. The Strategic Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) is an airborne observatory that will study the universe in the infrared spectrum... teachers in the discipline of infrared astronomy. NASA and the Deutches Zentrum... for astronomy and physics for the decade. JWST is a large, deployable, spacebased infrared astronomical observatory, scheduled for... Parameters JWST will be optimized for infrared astronomy, with some capability in the... Development: Science Astrophysics Cosmic Origins Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) FY 2009 Budget Request... budgeted for in FY 2008. Explanation of Project Changes The Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA... Astrophysics Cosmic Origins Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Project Purpose Mission objectives for SOFIA include... of galaxies. Project Parameters The Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) was designed as a highly... a 2.5 meter telescope optimized for infrared/sub-millimeter wavelength astronomy. SOFIA will operate in... Light Infrared Test Experiment Camera (FLITECAM); and German Receiver for Astronomy at Terahertz... Development: Science Astrophysics Cosmic Origins Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Schedule Commitments The development... 2008 Omnibus Appropriations Act. Project Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Base Year 2007 Base... Astrophysics Cosmic Origins Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Project Management The overall Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) project... Development: Science Astrophysics Cosmic Origins Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Project Risk Management Title... the first space observatory covering the full far-infrared and sub-millimeter... space to date. The observatory will operate for 7000 hours a year at... For FY 2009 1. Launch Solar Dynamics Observatory and commission spacecraft. 2. Complete Phase B for... Year Development Cost Estimate for Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) of $652.7M...), the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE), the Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA), the Aquarius mission, the Glory mission, the Orbiting Carbon Observatory... Readiness 9/30/2009 9/30/2009 0 Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) 2007 919.5 2008 946..., as demonstrated by Origins beginning Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) open-door testing. Astrophysics..., as demonstrated by Origins beginning Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) open-door testing. Astrophysics... of ozone for a future stratospheric state. This is particularly important for the Arctic.... JWST is a nextgeneration, space-based, infrared observatory that will take over where... testing will continue on the Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA), an astronomical telescope installed... a “Green” rating for this Outcome. 6UNIV18 (Outcome 3D.3) Complete Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Airworthiness... Small Aircraft Transportation System SOFIA Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy SAU Strategic Airspace Usage SOHO...



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... . . . . . . . . . . .627 III-21 High Energy Astronomy Observatory Project Plan, NASA, June 13... SIRTF . . . . . . . . . . . .Space Infrared Telescope Facility SOA . . . . . . . . . . . . .Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory SOFIA . . . . . . . . . . .Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy SPAC . . . . . . . . . . . .Space.... B. Stellar Astronomy 1. Title: Proposed Study for a Satellite Telescope Institution: Princeton University Observatory Project... interested in high-energy and infrared astronomy, and wishes to see them... SPACE INFRARED TELESCOPE FACILITY The fourth Great Observatory, the Space Infrared Telescope Facility is a long-lived, meter-class, cryogenically cooled, infrared observatory... as those described below. [23] STRATOSPHERIC OBSERVATORY FOR INFRARED ASTRONOMY (SOFIA) SOFIA is a 3-meter-class... the next several years, the Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy will give new power to... areas such as x-ray and infrared astronomy, solar physics, and solar system... (e.g., the Keck telescopes), aircraft (e.g., the Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy—SOFIA), balloons, and sounding rockets... more suitable for planetary astronomy purposes. The space agency built an observatory on... believe that astronomy and astrophysics (e.g., Space Telescope, Gamma Ray Observatory) represent better... first of NASA’s major astronomy missions, Orbiting Astronomical Observatory (OAO)-1.20 The... the execution of a National Space Astronomy Observatory, among other projects.29 [III... Laboratory, and the National Radio Astronomy Observatory as well as those from... Instrument for Gamma Ray Astronomy to be Flown to the Orbiting Solar Observatory... is discussed in detail below. Infrared Astronomy Parts of the near-IR... to the development of the Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA), a three-meter telescope on... and dry. 117. H. H-G. Aumann, Airborne Infrared Astronomy (Rice University Ph.D. thesis, 1970...). 118. F. J. Low, “Airborne Infrared Astronomy: The Early Years,” Airborne Astronomy Symposium, NASA Ames... the infrared was not launched until 1983. This satellite, the Infrared Astronomy Satellite.... It remains for the fourth Great Observatory, the Space Infrared Telescope Facility (SIRTF... a photometer for the far IR. A European satellite, the Infrared Space Observatory, which had... has been used on all infrared astronomy satellites and probably made such...-BASED ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS Compton Gamma Ray Observatory (CGRO) The second Great Observatory... (NASA) [3] Princeton University Observatory Associated Universities for Research in Astronomy University of Rochester... Orbiting Astronomical Observatory project. The review of the Orbiting Astronomy Observatory given to... telescopes for space astronomy. We envision such an instrument as a National Astronomical Observatory... Harvard College Observatory Cambridge, Mass. [iii] PREFACE The Astronomy Missions Board was... in a stratospheric airplane primarily for point source observations, and a Small Astronomy Satellite to... program. The infrared astronomy program has a most pressing need for research and development...-21 Document title: High Energy Astronomy Observatory Project Plan, NASA, June 13... Revision C HMA-1001 HIGH ENERGY ASTRONOMY OBSERVATORY PROJECT PLAN APPROVED: [signature] Rocco... Flight Project 832, High Energy Astronomy Observatory (HEAO). This plan is prepared... Project 832, entitled “High Energy Astronomy Observatory (HEAO).” The NASA code number... EXPLORING THE UNKNOWN 639 Infrared Astronomy Research Program Laboratory for High Energy Astrophysics... National Observatory, National Radio Astronomy Observatory, National Accelerator Laboratory, and National Center for Atmospheric... the IDT’s, the Astronomy Team, and the Observatory Scientists selected as a result... to the IDT’s, the Astronomy Team, and Observatory Scientists, are as follows... to provide a space observatory for use by the international astronomy community to extend... opportunities for refurbishment and upgrading of the focal-plane instruments. The Infrared Astronomy... of astrophysics for infrared astronomy, and could form the backbone of future infrared observational... material. A large airborne observatory with infrared capabilities (concept for study) would allow [70... Observatory Science Working Team [1] GAMMA-RAY OBSERVATORY SCIENCE PLAN I. INTRODUCTION Gamma-ray astronomy... Astronomy Observatory RICHARD C. HENRY, The Johns Hopkins University RICHARD A. McCRAY, Joint Institute for... served as a professor of astronomy and observatory director at the University of... was responsible for the early planning on the high energy astronomy observatory and..., 690, 727 Infrared Space Observatory, 529 Infrared Spectrograph, IRS, 541 Infrared Telescope in Space... Administration, NOAA, 471 National Radio Astronomy Observatory, NRAO, 662 National Radio Company..., 517, 616, 619 National Space Astronomy Observatory, 507 National Space Policy, 204..., 428 Stone, Peter H., 452, 453 Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy, SOFIA, 216, 250, 258, 527...



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.... Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) scientists have, for the first time, imaged... activities on the Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) continue. Funding for the Hubble Space Telescope... for launch in 2004, and Swift, a multi-wavelength observatory for gamma-ray burst astronomy... (ISTP) Wind, Polar, and Solar Observatory for Heliospheric Observation (SOHO); Rossi X-ray... of Dollars) Chandra X-ray Observatory ........................................... Space Infrared Telescope Facility..................................... Hubble Space Telescope... Energetics and Dynamics (TIMED) .......................................................... * Stratospheric Observatory For Infrared Astronomy .......... * Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory (STEREO) ......... * Gamma-ray... funding projections for NASA programs. The original baseline was an observatory with...-Earth orbit for a five-year lifetime, and AXAF-S, a smaller observatory flying an... Infrared Array Camera (IRAC), Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, Dr. Giovanni Fazio; the Infrared Spectrometer... SIRTF that are needed for power, data collection, Observatory control and pointing... FY 2002 FUNDING REQUIREMENT STRATOSPHERIC OBSERVATORY FOR INFRARED ASTRONOMY (SOFIA) FY 2000 Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy ............. 42,000 FY... of the US concept for implementation of the observatory. Slipped due to... payload. The Herschel Observatory (formerly called Far Infrared and Submillimetre Telescope or... the capabilities of a major observatory. STRATEGY FOR ACHIEVING GOALS Explorer mission development.... Swift is a three-telescope space observatory for studying gamma ray bursts. Dr... Observatory will lead the FAME mission. An Announcement of Opportunity for MIDEX.... While NASA retains operational responsibility for the observatory, the Science Institute plans... observatory to conduct infrared astronomy from space. Incorporating the latest in large-format infrared detector array technology, SIRTF will do for infrared astronomy what the... demonstrate Virtual Observatory capability from an investigator workstation for multi-wavelength discovery..., for planning and design of Mars '03 and '05 missions. Virtual Observatory... AO (Announcement of Opportunity) for Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) mission. SAT 1-62... Infrared and Submillimeter Space Telescope (FIRST) was re-named Herschel Space Observatory... are particularly useful for infrared, gamma-ray, and cosmic-ray astronomy. In addition... Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) spacecraft. SOHO scientists have, for the first...: gamma ray astronomy, X-ray astronomy, ultraviolet and optical astronomy, infrared and radio astronomy, particle astrophysics.... Development continues of the Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) for research to be conducted by... the NASA lead center for Chandra X-ray Observatory development and, following Chandra... observatory level testing will begin. The launch of Aura is scheduled for.... SAT 3-22 Observatory and instrument checkout will occur for approximately 120 days... observatory level testing will begin. The launch of Aura is scheduled for... has been completed and delivered for observatory integration. The QuikTOMS spacecraft bus... situ data for our understanding of ozone depletion and stratospheric transport mechanisms... Stratospheric model development is increasingly focussed on enhanced prognostic ability for Northern... polar stratospheric cloud profiles through the launch of SAGE III scheduled for... of stratospheric ozone processes on surface climate, and thus the need for... Goldstone is supporting the Solar Observatory for Heliospheric Observations spacecraft. An 11... (ISTP) Wind, Polar, and Solar Observatory for Heliospheric Observation (SOHO); Rossi X-ray... (ISTP) Wind, Polar, and Solar Observatory for Heliospheric Observation (SOHO); Rossi X-ray... Compton Gamma Ray Observatory (CGRO); and Submillimeter Wave Astronomy Satellite (SWAS) missions...: gamma ray astronomy, X-ray astronomy, ultraviolet and optical astronomy, infrared and radio astronomy, particle astrophysics.... Development continues of the Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) for research to be conducted by... observatory. The EOS Data and Information System will have a specific capability for... carried for many years. Rather than simply "descoping" the "Great Observatory" concept... Swift is a three-telescope space observatory for studying the position, brightness, and... f or Infrared Ast ronomy The initial development funding for the Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) was... test (I&T) of spacecraft and payload. • Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Development: Complete installation of... Terrestrial Relations Observatory (STEREO) Development: Have contracts in place for start of... a Star: Announce instrument investigations for Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) mission. Public Benefit... three performance objectives for: Strategic Plan Development, Solar Dynamics Observatory, and Research...



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...) James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Other Missions And Data... Telescope (JWST) [Development], ASTRO-18 Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) [Development], ASTRO-26 Physics... Initiatives: Funding is included for an Orbiting Carbon Observatory replacement, with a planned... Astro-H mission, and GEMS. The Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) will be conducting science... plans for FY 2011 include completion of Aquarius/SAC-D observatory environmental testing.... Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment (SAGE III) on the ISS The Stratospheric... III will also provide unique stratospheric and mesospheric temperature measurements, of... measures atmospheric chemical composition, tropospheric/stratospheric exchange of energy and chemicals... Commitments The GPM Core Observatory is planned for a launch in July 2013... 2011 PB Request Core Observatory GSFC Provides platform for the GMI and... Same Same Low-Inclination Observatory TBD Provides platform for the second GMI... instrument and launch vehicle for the Core Observatory will be provided by... Project will develop alternative Observatory I&T scenarios to allow for late arrival of... plans for FY 2011 include: 1) Completion of Aquarius/SAC-D observatory environmental testing... document. Orbiting Carbon Observatory - 2 OCO-2 is a replacement for the original OCO, which... Laboratory, National Center for Atmospheric Research. Orbiting Carbon Observatory - 2 JPL JPL N/A Gravity... Telescope will continue operations. The Stratospheric Observatory For Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) will complete open door... in the Virtual Astronomical Observatory (VAO). For more information see http://nasascience... for the High Resolution Echelle Spectrometer (HIRES) instrument in the Keck Observatory....3 444.8 379.2 335.2 259.3 119.2 Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) 77.4 72.8 79.6 80....9 441.4 385.1 354.6 335.6 259.8 -- Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) 72.8 72.8 74.0 75... for this activity will be determined by the status of the observatory... levels. See project page for more detail. Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) SOFIA, currently in development, is a Boeing 747SP airborne observatory with... teachers in the discipline of infrared astronomy. The project will be at... of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA). The STScI is responsible for the... for astronomy and physics for the decade. JWST is a large, deployable, spacebased infrared astronomical observatory, scheduled for... Parameters JWST will be optimized for infrared astronomy, with some capability in the..., Sunshield, Observatory Same AI&T and commissioning. The Observatory shall be designed for at... Development: Science Astrophysics Cosmic Origins Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) FY 2011 Budget Request... Development: Science Astrophysics Cosmic Origins Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Project Purpose The SOFIA.../index.html Project Parameters The Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) was designed as a highly... a 2.5 meter telescope optimized for infrared/sub-millimeter wavelength astronomy. SOFIA will operate in... Receiver for Astronomy at Terahetz Frequencies (GREAT), and Field Imaging Far-Infrared Line... Development: Science Astrophysics Cosmic Origins Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Project Commitments SOFIA will... Far-Infrared Bolometer Camera ,50-240 microns Same Same German Receiver for Astronomy... Development: Science Astrophysics Cosmic Origins Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Schedule Commitments The development... Cost and Schedule Summary Project Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Base Year 2007 Base... Astrophysics Cosmic Origins Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Project Management The overall Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) project... current Astronomy and Astrophysics Decadal survey include the International X-ray Observatory (IXO... the X-ray astronomy community research for several years to come. For more information.... Preparing for the next solar maximum, the Solar Dynamics Observatory completed its... Project (NPP), • Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO), and • Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA). The Mars Science... Award for the Integration of Research Climate Absolute Radiance and Refractivity Observatory... Information Technology GREAT German Receiver for Astronomy at Terahetz ITF Integrated Training... Carbon Observatory NASA Communications Improvement OGAs Other Government Agencies National Center for... Collaboration Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Research Opportunities in Space and ROSES Sustainment REF-5 SOFIA Astronomy...