Спутник связи. Quantum. [Редактировать]

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Все спутники связи

Новостная лента[Найти информацию в новостях] [Найти информацию в документах]

#Новостная лента.
12015-07-09. Airbus Defence and Space подписала первый контракт на полностью переконфигурируемый космический аппарат.
Airbus Defence and Space выиграла первый контракт на полностью переконфигурируемый космический аппарат (в настоящее время называется Quantum). Заказчиками проекта выступили Европейское космическое агентство и спутниковый оператор Eutelsat.
Особенностью аппарата является его возможность адаптироваться к изменению зоны покрытия, емкости и диапазону вещания. Также аппарат будет способен менять орбитальную позицию. Таким образом, компания Airbus возможно станет первой компанией которая создаст спутник связи который станет полностью серийным и не будет требовать доработок под конкретного заказчика. Новый спутник будет работать в Ku-диапазоне. САС аппарата планируется на уровне 15-и лет. Местом сборки спутника определена фабрика в Великобритании.
Также компания объявила о том, что, космический аппарат EutelSat 172B будет полностью электрическим.Тэги: QuantumAirbus GroupEutelsat Communications S.A.EutelSat 172B
22016-01-08. Компания Anaren выиграла $7 млн. контракт в рамках программы Eutelsat Quantum.
Компания Airbus Defence and Space заключила $7 млн. контракт с компанией Anaren в целях создания усовершенствованной системы формирования лучей космических аппаратов связи. В случае успешной разработки Airbus планирует устанавливать разработанную систему на свои перспективные полностью реконфигурируемые космические аппараты. Новый тип спутников связи разрабатывается в рамках программы Eutelsat Quantum которая финансируется как компанией Eutelsat, так и европейским космическим агентством.Согласно контракту срок поставки первого летного экземпляра системы составляет 2017 год. Тэги: Airbus GroupEutelsat Communications S.A.Европейское космическое агентствоQuantum
32017-05-24. Компания Eutelsat закажет дополнительные два КА серии Quantum.
Компания Eutelsat обнародовала данные о планах купить еще два космических аппарата серии Quantum. Первый аппарат серии был куплен оператором у Airbus в 2015 году за $198 млн. (запуск КА должен состояться в 2019 году) При этом, к настоящему времени компания уже успела предпродать порядка 50 процентов от емкости нового спутника.
К особенностям серии Quantum производитель относит:
1. Возможность полной перенастройки спутника путем изменения его программного обеспечения.
2. Использование фазированной антенны, которая позволит адаптировать спутник под требования рынка (поставщик компонентов Анарен). При этом, согласно заявлению Airbus использование данной технологии позволит создавать спутники без заранее определенной зоны покрытия.
3. Емкость КА должна будет составить восемь одно гигагерцовых луча на передачу данных. При этом, каждый луч будет способен изменять свою зону покрытия от одной трети Земли до 600 км.
4. Потребители аппарат будут иметь возможность разделять лучи на составляющие, которые будут способны следовать за передвигающимся объектом.
5. Текущее поколение аппаратов Quantum будет работать в Ku диапазоне, однако в дальнейшем будут созданы и Ка диапазонные аппараты.
6. Технологически спутник унаследовал многие свои свойства от военных КА геостационарной связи.
7. За счет использования фазированной антенны спутники Quantum будут способны определять источники радиопомех с точностью до 20 км. При этом, КА будет способен либо ограничивать вещание на регион с радиопомехами либо менять частоту передачи данных. Тэги: QuantumAirbus Group

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса, кг.3500
2Масса (полезная нагрузка), кг.450
3Мощность (выделяемая для полезной нагрузки спутника), Вт5000
4Емкость, гбит в секунду6-7

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Стоимость (аппарат), млн. евро180
2Стоимость (аппарат), млн. долл.2017-05-23198
3Оператор Европейское космическое агентство
4Оператор Eutelsat Communications S.A.
5Производитель Airbus Group

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... Statistical Field Theory (M16) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 Quantum Field Theory (M24) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 Symmetry... Standard Model (L24) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 Advanced Quantum Field Theory (L24) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 Solitons... . . . . . 49 3 Quantum Information and Quantum Foundations 51 Quantum Information Theory (M24) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 Quantum Computation (L16) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Control of Quantum Systems (L16) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Quantum Information..., Quantum Fields and Strings The courses on Symmetry and Particles, Quantum Field Theory, Advanced Quantum Field Theory and The...: Quantum Mechanics, Special Relativity, Methods, Complex Methods. Electromagnetism. Principles of Quantum Mechanics, Classical Dynamics. Applications of Quantum Mechanics, Statistical Physics... (1991) 44 Quantum Field Theory (M24) Professor A.C. Davis Quantum Field Theory is... Introduction to Quantum Field Theory, Addison-Wesley (1996). 2. L.H. Ryder, Quantum Field Theory, Cambridge University Press (1996). 3. S. Weinberg, The Quantum Theory of Fields Vol I, Cambridge University Press (1995) 4. A. Zee, Quantum Field... the Quantum Field Theory course and, as it progresses, the Advanced Quantum... Publishing (1989). Advanced Quantum Field Theory (L24) N. Dorey Quantum field theory (QFT... 1. Quantum Field Theory, Ryder L H (2nd edn CUP 1996) 2. An Introduction to Quantum Field Theory, Peskin M E and Schroeder D V (Addison-Wesley 1996) 3. Quantum Theory... Quantum Information and Quantum Foundations Quantum Information Theory (M24) Nilanjana Datta Course Description Quantum... be accomplished, using quantum-mechanical systems. The underlying quantum mechanics leads to... basic postulates of quantum mechanics. Topics will include quantum states, quantum operations, generalized... of quantum channels will be given and the different capacities of a quantum... material. 1. M.A.Nielsen and I.L.Chuang, Quantum Computation and Quantum Information; Cambridge University Press... the lectures. 51 Quantum Computation (L16) Tony Short Quantum theory can be... on quantum foundations. The course will begin by introducing qubits, quantum logic gates, and the circuit model of quantum computation. A selection of the most important quantum algorithms will... architectures for quantum computation (such as measurement-based quantum computation and quantum Turing machines). Finally, we will consider quantum error..., I., Quantum Computation and Quantum Information. CUP. 2. John Preskill’s lecture notes on quantum information... of Quantum Systems (L16) Sonia Schirmer The basic laws of quantum mechanics... technological potential of quantum systems, however, a synthesis of quantum physics with conventional..., e.g. to implement quantum state preparation and quantum operations necessary for quantum computing. Tentative... of quantum control • Mathematical models for quantum systems including Schrodinger equation, general quantum statistical master equation, quantum trajectories... • Notions of controllability of quantum systems • Quantum control systems as control systems... for quantum systems (e.g. feedback based on homodyne detection), stochastic master equation, quantum trajectories • Coherent quantum feedback and quantum optical networks (stochastic... of controlling quantum phenomena?, Science 288, p. 824 (2000) 2. S. G. Schirmer, Quantum choreography: Making... scratch the theories of quantum information, entanglement and quantum nonlocality and explores..., include: Pure and mixed quantum states. Quantum entanglement: definition of entanglement for.... The relation between quantum theory and special relativity. Quantum nonlocality: Bell’s theorem... simulation of quantum correlations by classical communication and shared randomness. Quantum information... of Nielsen, M. and Chuang, I. Quantum Computation and Quantum Information. Cambridge University Press... world from quantum theory, and the algebraic approach to quantum statistical mechanics... quantum–mechanical models of quantum cosmology. Some familiarity with General Relativity and Quantum...



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... devices physics, optoand qantum electronics, quantum optics, spectroscopy and photophysics of..., D. V. Lisovenko CALCULATION PROCEDURE FOR THE QUANTUM-DIMENSIONAL SYSTEMS..............127 Інформація для... optimized relativistic model potential and quantum defect approximation) approach to energy... n is the principal quantum number, n* is 2p1/2 an effective quantum number, Еn.... — P.1-184. 8. Barnett R., Johnson E., Lester W. Jr., Quantum Monte Carlo determination of the...– 104 21. Glushkov A. V., Relativistic quantum theory. Quantum, mecha-nics of atomic systems... optimized relativistic model potential and quantum defect approximation) approach to energy...-SiO structure // Semi2 conductor Physics, Quantum Electronics and Optoelectronics. — 2010. —Vol..., J. J. Li, G. Sundaresan, A. M. Wu, S. S. Gambhir, S. Weiss. Quantum Dots for Live Cells, in.... 27, № 9. — P. 1679–1687. 5. J. M. Klostranec, W.C.W. Chan. Quantum Dots in Biological and Biomedical... intense broadband photoluminescence and high quantum yields // Optical Materials. — 2011. — Vol... ���������������� field of investigations of the quantum and other (geophysical, chemical, biological...]. Consequently, the recurrence spectrum provides a quantum picture of classical behaviour. Studies... classical methods or as fchaotic quantum fluctuations, which characterize systems [1,9]. The... described within quantum chaos theory and provided by interference and quantum fluctuations... resonance’s stochasticity are identified. and quantum chaos phenomenon. Spectrum of resonance... Situation distribution in the secondresonance’s. quantum-chaotic interval is satisfied to..., Resonances in Quantum Systems in strong external fields: Consistent Quantum Approach// Journ... series analyses (application to semiconductor quantum generators)// Dynamical Systems — Theory and...-linear vibrational systems of the quantum generators type// Photoelectronics. — 2011. — Vol... Physics and Quantum Chemistry.— Wiley, 2003.— 680P. 3. Quiney H., Relativistic Quantum Me2.39E... the 4 f 5 / 2 6s1/ 2 np j [ J ] Trends in Quantum Systems in Chemis(1/2,5/2) (3/2,5/2) try and....62E-4 2.36E-3 1E-2 2.57E-4 4.42E-1 Quantum Mechanics// Supercomputing, 1E-2 1.39E-4 2.65E...-4 2.65E-1 8.51E-5 5. Glushkov A. V., Relativistic Quantum Theory. Quantum, mechanics of Atomic 12]) it... 8. Ivanov L. N., Ivanova E. P., Extrapolaolecular Physics and Quantum Chemistry.-Wiley, 2003.-680P. becomes...).-2002.-P.213–224. ic Quantum Theory. Quantum, mechanics of Atomic Systems.00P.... Svinarenko A. A., Mischenko E. V., Loboda A. V., Dubrovskaya Yu. V., Quantum measure of frequency and sensing... heterostructure CdS-Cu2S / Semiconductor Physics, Quantum Electronics & Optoelectronics, 2012, V.15, № 1. P. 41... field of cooperative atomic/nuclear quantum optics. References 1. Khetselius O. Yu., Relativistic.... 32. 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Ekimov A. A. Onuschenko, quantum size effects in the optical... form of a spherical semiconductor nanocrystal quantum dots. Keywords: nanocrystals, absorption, energy... quantum-dimensional system we have discussed. Our The theoretical approach of quantum... and relatwith quantum chemical programs such semiempirical The approach of quantum-dimensional... (for example, Stillinger-Weber with quantum such aspotential the semiempirical andModified... mechanisms as wellinteractivity [4]. Theof traditional quantum through the usestructures of the...-1930. 10. Glushkov A.V., Relativistic quantum theory. Quantum mechanics of atomic systems, Odessa..., 2008. — 650P. 3. Glushkov A. V., Relativistic quantum theory. Quantum mechanics of atomic systems, Odessa.... A. — 2005. — Vol.71. — P. 032508-1-8. 8. Mohr P. J. Quantum Electrodynamics Calculations in few-Electron.... Vitavetskaya L. A., Malinovskaya S. V., Dubrovskaya Yu., Advanced quantum calculation of beta decay probabilities... E. P., Khetselius O. Yu., Loboda A. V., Vitavetskaya L.A., Consistent quantum approach to quarkony energy spectrum..., D. V. Lisovenko CALCULATION PROCEDURE FOR THE QUANTUM-DIMENSIONAL SYSTEMS Abstract Calculations of...



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... Algebra and Allegory: Nonclassical Epistemology, Quantum Theory, and the Work of... nonclassical epistemology of twentieth-century quantum mechanics, and Romantic literature/philosophy... much to read quantum mechanics as he uses quantum mechanics as a new... Romanticism, as well as for quantum theory, individual events are irreducibly...). Algebra and Allegory: Nonclassical Epistemology, Quantum Theory, and the Work of... Man’s work, nonclassical epistemology and quantum theory, which I shall also discuss... by the physical interaction between quantum objects and measuring instruments, while... Plotnitsky instruments is irreducible in quantum physics.9 The behavior of measuring... silver bromide photographic plates) of quantum objects, such as elementary particles...) properties, for example, such conventional “quantum” properties as discontinuity, or of.... The mathematical formalism (“algebra”) of quantum mechanics applies to some of... collectivity and lawless individuality in quantum mechanics, or in any radical... for his overall interpretation of quantum mechanics. “Quantum objects” or, more accurately... isolated from their interaction (itself quantum) with measuring instruments so as... with the experimental data of quantum physics. Quantum theory is able to... phenomenal effects of their (again, quantum) interaction with measuring instruments. This... effects constituting the data of quantum physics. “Quantum objects,” detected in any... in turn ultimately quantum (in view of the ultimate quantum constitution of all material objects). Bohr’s interpretation of quantum mechanics... as material) of quantum physics. The epistemology of quantum mechanics and nonscienti... case of measuring instruments in quantum physics) nonclassical effects appear through... (linear), wave, and quantum theories of light. “Quantum-mechanical” themes emerge in... examples—the allegorical character of quantum mechanics, and the relationships between... the overall quantum-theoretical description can only be applied to quantum objects... arrangements, rather than to the quantum objects themselves, but describe the... physical variables in terms of quantum-mechanical, rather than classical, formalism... the existence of quantum objects and (b) to introduce a different, quantum, theory, including.... The formalization of collectivities in quantum mechanics does not offer a classical... classical-physics-like) description of quantum behavior or, again, allow one... quotation marks are necessary), of quantum theory represents anything at all... can apply this formalism to quantum objects themselves, either by correlating... quantum epistemology. In particular, the application of the mathematical formalism of quantum... the quantum data, rather than of the theoretical conceptualization of the quantum... mathematical formalism as applicable to quantum objects themselves or their interactions... a theoretical formalization and interpretation of quantum physics to take place, these..., more broadly, phenomenalization.20 In quantum mechanics, neither is possible any... of the mathematical formalism of quantum mechanics. All such classical representations... that Heisenberg’s great paper introducing quantum mechanics appears to reflect...’s work.22 Heisenberg’s invention of quantum mechanics, however, appears to have... without form—the quantum aesthetics, if not the quantum sublime, although “the... or conceptual) of quantum mechanics, for example, of quantum optics, can only..., in the quantum-mechanical vision the material marks constituting quantum data should.... Alternatively, the quantum-mechanical “vision” just outlined and the quantum-mechanical formalization..., such as random and discontinuous (“quantum”) events here invoked. This concept... thinking, mathematicalscientific (specifically in quantum physics) or philosophical, to which.... To avoid this, we must, “quantum-mechanically,” deconstitute this pattern as...)thought or (re)allegorized in “quantum-mechanical” terms, now applies within... particle imagery there; the manifest quantum-like discontinuity of events and... words, the nonclassical features of quantum physics and Shelley’s poetic epistemology... considered earlier in relation to quantum physics and its nonclassical formalization... Technological Constitution of Phenomena in Quantum Physics,” Tekhnema: Journal of Philosophy... Einstein’s theory (whose connections to quantum epistemology were especially significant... ever be unambiguously ascribed to quantum objects themselves. 14. This statement... effects of the interaction between quantum objects and measuring instruments, and...” of the quantum world itself.) In general, however, in quantum physics there... the irreducibly statistical character of quantum theory, rather than (as classical... sufficient information concerning them. Quantum theory predicts only correlations between... Physical Content of Quantum Kinematics and Mechanics,” Quantum Theory and Measurement, ed... and quantum-mechanical epistemology rather than the role of language in quantum... the Exact Time at Which a Quantum Measurement Happens?” Foundations of Physics...



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... 3 After Shocks 3.1 Van Den Broeck . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.1.1 Quantum Fields . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.2 Warp Drives & Wormholes . . . . . . . . . . 3.3 Time... 5.1 Quantum Theory in Brief 5.2 Virtual Particles . . . . . 5.2.1 The Casimir Effect 5.2.2 Casimir Tensor . . 5.3 Quantum... 8.2 Ghost Scalars . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80 9 Quantum Entanglement 9.1 Bell States . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.2 Quantum Teleportation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.3 Boost Entanglement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89... such. Secondly, experiments with quantum entanglement and quantum tunnelling have also added... can not take quantum action into affect because quantum theory has non... the journal of Classical and Quantum Gravity [2]. Alcubierre’s vision of a way... to microscopic size. Thus forming a quantum version of a(t), known as a baby... also solved one of the quantum mechanics energy condition violations. A more... future. 3.2. WARP DRIVES & WORMHOLES 3.1.1 25 Quantum Fields Then Pffening and Ford... negative energy states allowed by Quantum Field theory ∆E ≤ tplanck h ¯ Gc, then... Relativity, the state W (S) (classical or quantum) is actually a functional of S. The... mysterious of the quantum theory. 5.1 Quantum Theory in Brief In quantum theories, energy.... For example, photons are the quantum particles associated with electromagnetic waves.... The word quantum means a definite but small amount. The basic quantum constant... light, particle theories are relativistic quantum field theories. Subatomic particles known..., Heisenberg formulated a fundamental property of quantum mechanics which said that it... particle. A virtual particle expresses the quantum exchanges of energy often in... about particle/wave behavior in quantum theory. A Figure 5.1: A Feynman Diagram of... Feynman diagrams represent terms in a quantum calculation, the intermediate stages in... form: tab = (¯ hcπ 2 /720l4 )diag[−1, 1, 1, −3] (5.9) 5.3. QUANTUM INEQUALITIES 49 Such that the... by this coupling. 5.3 Quantum Inequalities There are always quantum energy measuring problems... of describing energy calculations in quantum theory: “There are three different... and Pfenning have stated that Quantum Inequalities can restrict negative energy... discrepancies between general relativity and quantum theory. However Kransnikov has brought... seen from Euclidean space. The Quantum Inequality restrictions only hold for... quantum optics have created special states of fields in which destructive quantum... field. In complex quantum systems containing many semi-independent quantum oscillators, the zero-point motion represents a quantum noise that.... In quantum mechanics the energy and the frequency of a quantum oscillator system... starting angle for an individual quantum oscillation. Phase is difficult to... usually ignored in characterising complex quantum systems. However, it has its... might be in conflict with quantum gravity, making stable Lorentzian wormholes... brown effect. But simply using Quantum effects to our advantage. 7.2 Scalar... Casimir Effect is a real observable quantum force viewable in labotory.” –Michio... never transcends this range. Chapter 9 Quantum Entanglement “The Lord is subtle... philosophers as well as scientists. Quantum mechanics predicts the existence of... in a different location, and in quantum communication and computation. To date... quantum mechanics can exhibit a remarkable property known as entanglement. A pair of quantum... polarization is measured. Quantum entanglement is a fundamental requirement for quantum computing, but.... Using a new 87 88 CHAPTER 9. QUANTUM ENTANGLEMENT method of generating entanglement..., bringing practical applications of quantum memory and quantum teleportation a little closer(34... space-time interval 90 CHAPTER 9. QUANTUM ENTANGLEMENT between them is negative.... The mathematical descriptions provided by quantum mechanics do not satisfy the... (Pual) calls a Quantum Entanglement Enhanced Vacuum Transtating Method. 9.2 Quantum Teleportation Quantum teleporation deals...-B (Einstein, Podelksy, Rosen-Bell) entan- 9.2. QUANTUM TELEPORTATION 91 glement through superposition... = (| >i | >j +| ↓>i | >j ) 2 B4 = (| >i | ↓>j +| ↓>i | >j ) 2 (9.5) such that Ψ1 becomes: Figure 9.1: Quantum Teleportation of photons by means...) (12) B3 [−α| >3 +β| ↓>] + B4 [−α| >3 −β| ↓>]/2 (9.6) 92 CHAPTER 9. QUANTUM ENTANGLEMENT In order to exchange... ∂ (∇S)2 ∇2 R − = +V − (9.8) ∂t 2m 2mR as such the quantum function which determines the states... zero-point fluctuations of any quantum field, including the gravitational field... to the development of modern Quantum Field Theory. Superstring theory evolved.... As mathematical rules for the quantum theory emerged its seemingly mysterious... development of Quantum Electrodynamics and Quantum Chromdynamics made the quantum theory of matter... advanced multiprocessors. Another area is quantum computers, if developed they could.... Rev D 53 1996 7365 [9] W. A. Hiscock, Quantum effects in the Alcubierre warp...



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... in the Drude model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 1.2 Quantum transport . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 1.3 2DES in a magnetic... 1.5 Shubnikov de-Haas oscillations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 1.6 Quantum Hall Effect . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 2 ZnO heterostructures... magnetic fields . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 3.2.5 Density, mobility & quantum lifetime dependence . . . . 38 3.2.6 Effective mass... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 3.2 II 27 Microwave-induced quantum oscillations in ZnO 4 Microwave-induced... dependence 71 7 Comparison of the quantum lifetime 73 7.1 τq from Shubnikov de... quantum lifetime from Shubnikov-de Haas oscillations quantum lifetime from MIRO quantum lifetime... studied classically as well as quantum mechanically. Chapter 2 specifies this to... mobility µ, scattering times τ and the quantum lifetime τq . Afterwards we will cover... interpreted as a measure m∗ of 12 1.2. QUANTUM TRANSPORT how easily the electron... of sample quality. 1.2 Quantum transport In literature quantum transport is separated to... or hole systems). 1.4 Landau quantization Quantum mechanically the influence of a magnetic... a LL broadening, described by the quantum life τq . Hereby the uncertainty principle... state quantum physics as oscillations in the resistivity show the quantum nature... processes (and therefore to the quantum lifetime τq ). They can be mathematically... amplitude Determination of the quantum lifetime The quantum lifetime τq of the electrons... the quantum lifetime τq to the cyclotron frequency ωc . To extract the quantum lifetime... of (−πm∗ /eτq ). It therefore makes the quantum lifetime τq accessible, if the electron... shape [12, 13]. 1.6 Quantum Hall Effect The quantum Hall effect (QHE), discovered... 5/2 [22], triggering a major interest in quantum computing by exploiting novel quasiparticles.... 1 Department of Applied Physics and Quantum-Phase Electronics Center (QPEC), University... this, Figure 2.3(a) shows the fractional quantum Hall effect in ZnO heterostructures... such fundamental phenomena as the quantum Hall effect and superconductivity, the... Dingle factor and 0 = f τq , τq being the quantum lifetime. Aω is an amplitude prefactor... the quantum lifetime τq . This can be seen from [32, 61]. The quantum... gives a quadratic correction to the quantum lifetime τq , which enters the Dingle... result of a correction to the quantum lifetime τq (entering the Dingle factor... oscillations unchanged [73]. 3.2.5 Density, mobility & quantum lifetime dependence MIRO were discovered... a detailed analysis of whether the quantum lifetime and mobility correlate with... power dependence. Afterwards a comparison of quantum lifetimes show that MIRO can... comparing experiments that probe the quantum lifetime τq on different length-scales... to determine the quantum lifetime. We will test the quantum lifetime τq with... oscillations. These different methods address quantum scattering of electrons on different...-electron interaction, which lowers the quantum lifetime 1/τq∗ (T ) = 1/τq + αT 2 . The fitting reveals, that... empirical fitting to extract the quantum lifetime τq, MIRO (section 7.2) 3. The relative... extract the quantum lifetime τq, MIPVO (section 7.3) In section 7.4 the different quantum lifetimes... the cyclotron energy, and the quantum lifetime τq, MIRO , which enters αq . • Add... 79 CHAPTER 7. COMPARISON OF THE QUANTUM LIFETIME Resistance change δR (a.u.) 3.25 ps... effective mass m∗ (upper panel) and quantum lifetime τq, MIRO (bottom panel) in... sensitive to deviations towards shorter quantum lifetimes, than towards longer ones... effective mass m∗ (upper panel) and quantum lifetime τq, MIPVO (bottom panel) in... sensitive to deviations towards shorter quantum lifetimes, than towards longer ones..., which indicate a correlation between the quantum lifetime and the occurrence of... section compares the different electron quantum lifetimes τq and electron effective masses... 7.5. 83 CHAPTER 7. COMPARISON OF THE QUANTUM LIFETIME UMIPVO UMIRO USDH Figure... is true for the extracted quantum lifetimes τq, SdH . Nevertheless, local changes... the extracted values for the quantum lifetimes τq and electron effective masses...: 85 CHAPTER 7. COMPARISON OF THE QUANTUM LIFETIME τq (ps) m∗ (me ) Shubnikov de.... Therefore the interpretation of extracted quantum lifetimes is complementary and provides... the quantum lifetime: τq, MIPVO > τq, MIRO > τq, SdH , suggests itself that the quantum lifetime... and the quantum lifetime. Very high values for the quantum lifetime (higher..., Density dependence of the ν =5/2 Fractional Quantum Hall Effect - Compressibility of a Two... microscopic picture of the integer quantum hall effect,” Philosophical Transactions of... Press, 2007. [22] R. L. Willett, “The quantum hall effect at 5/2 filling factor... N. Read, “Nonabelions in the fractional quantum Halleffect,” Nuclear Physics B, vol. 360... microwave photoresistivity in high-mobility quantum hall systems,” Physical Review B, vol..., “Cyclotron-resonance oscillations in InAs quantum wells,” Physical Review B, vol. 34...



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... oscillations l the quantum mobi1i~ ties associated to the quantum lifet.Imes at... deterruined. The hehaviour of the quantum mobilíties were studied as... weUs. The comparison between the quantum mobilities obtailled from the SdH... ó~doped systems show that the quantum and the transport mob1lities are... acceptors in realistic systems. Tbe quantum and the transport mobiBties were... SWtaLl, PL DE SOUZA, e B YAVtCU. Quantum tl'Msport in pen lutioo... (1994). I$6J AS HBt-IPJQUB$, Quantum Md transpart mQbilitie& in é·do... danar layers, tesulting t,hat their quantum mo­ bilitíes are smaUer.... Experimental results show that the quantum mobilities decrease­ when the doping... energy leveis, and P.Q = :,. ~ i5 the quantum mobility. At temperatures below 30... less than 0.01%) hence the quantum rnóbility can be determined... the Fourier dornain, and the quantum mobility was obtained by fitting... scattering proces5, and hence a lower quantum mobility. In order to describe... with the doping period l Lhe quantum mobílity in the individua1... by fLQ ;:;;; er /m~, where l' Ís the quantum lífetime of the electronic state... within reasonable lirnits. The theoretical quantum mobility af a miniband \vas taken... 454 1490 2950 • I " I the theoretical quantum mobilitles were obt-ained by... 15 November 1996 Abstrael. 1'he quantum and transport $ubband mobifilies as... eXl;ilons in moduJatioo-duped quantum v.'ells (12]), In principie. it... seen in botb tr3nsport and quantum $ubband RPA mobiUllés in lhe.../A, no, 4, derembor, 199, 38 f~" " , Magnetic Quantum Effects in Degenerate Superlattices I, ê A.B.Henr....), (3) = l/E. Ct = 1r/#Q, Jlq = 1/27 ís tbe quantum mobility, f3 '= ::.ó., and w = !hr(.,p - .6.), ~(Cl..., tbe qUMtum lifetime equals the quantum 1r where th~ r 1v,;.~;,.,(q",,"'.')I'''' "'<.J:I'Jo... summatíon extends ove! the quantum st.ates (n l , kf) which lie... the same treatment, and the quantum mobility values deduced are plotted... quantum mobility increases with the index of the miniband. The experimental quantum... d adjacent wells become uncoupled; tbe quantum miniband mobilities obtained for sample... 600 "\ IlOO doping period (Â) Figure 5. Quantum mobility as a !unétion of... WIlS estimated. A tbeory for the quantum mobUity in periodicaUy ê-doped semieonductors... nearly unthanged. The exper­ imental quantum mobillr.y in miniband E2 does... the region d < 200Á tha E2 quantum mobiliLy de-­ creMeS wben the... made !lihorter. Fi~ nat1y, tbe quantum mohility of carriers in miniband... it5 mini-Ferrci .surface. The quantum oscil~ .,~~... ".~ .000 - in the range... applied to semiconducwr systems witb quantum-conllned (;arri~rs [2.3' such as... Iho:(}­ relicul e.~úmutes of lhe quantum mobility are in reasonable agrcemenl.... The depen­ dence of lhe quantum mubilily on lhe miniband index... lhe binding lenglh of lhe quantum-eonfined e1eclronic charge is a very... ô-doped se:miconduclor. the theorelieal quantum mobility calculation is bascd on... iI I, 11. THEORY DF MINIBAND QUANTUM MORIUTIES IN THE RPA APPROXIMATION... miniband (in atamie uniu. lhe quantum lifctime equaIs lhe quamum mo... sommalion ex.lends over lhe quantum states ; n' ,.t:') which lie below lhe... tbe quantum mobílÍly obtaincd ex.perimental1y is needed. The quantum Apu... ,"Equation (5) was obtalned assuming lhe quantum mobility to be consumi within... wílh a period iess tban - 200 Â quantum oscilIations associated with miniband E3... for the quantum moblJides .... E3 I, ( " A 130n bnnd. The experimental quantum mobilides associtued... d adjacenl wells become uncoupled: lhe quantum miniband mobililies oblained for samp... lhe legion d<200 À lhe E2 quantum mobiUty decreases wben the doping... is made shorter. Rnally. the quantum mobility of caniers in miniband... 3500 em 2N s. The theoretical quantum mobilities were calculatcd as a function... described in Seco IV B. The quantum mobllities were calculated by us... ínto lhe calculatiQfIS only lhe quantum staJ.es hckmging to tlw... maln reatare of tbe E2 quantum mabiiíty de­ pcndence QlI..., at a given superiauice period. me quantum mabUíly ís higher in m01e... © Sp,inl!cr.v~rl~1! ICJlJ1 Quantum transport in periodicaUy 6-doped GaAs... theory developed rccently for lhe quantum mobility of periodícally é~doped... (sec. for inslance. {IS]), 11te quantum mobílity corresponding to fi... calcu:l::uians or lhe miniband quantum mabilities oh­ talned througb (31... d "" 100 A. Sueh a bchavior of lhe quantum mobility is Imerpreted in leons... .... " ••', ._ 0.','_'_' or ri f 13). The theoreticál quantum mobilitie:> \Vere culcul:ned a,. . li... iim:s in Fi,. 2. The theorelical quantum mohililies dill­ play the same... in the theoretical vulues (lf quantum mobility. 6. Concluslon Tne Shubnikov-de... iDe range -40- J 000 Á. The quantum oscillations assaciated wÍlÍl. individual mini­ hands... individuai oscil~ latOl)' components, lhe quantum mobm~y for eaeh miniband was... a give:n s.uperlaUice pe_ ned. lhe quantum mobUity Ís higher in more em...üons of lhe miníbnnd quantum mobil­ ity were made in...



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... an Active Region Based on Quantum Dots........................................................................................................................................15 V.M. Ustinov, N.A. Maleev, S.A. Blokhin... of Atoms for Applications in Quantum Information and Metrology...............................29 V.A. Gaisler..., A.I. Toropov, D.V. Shcheglov, A.V. Latyshev, A.L. Aseev Semiconductor Quantum Dots Based Non-classical Emitters... active region based on 12 quantum dots" describes a possibility to perform... on heterostructures and not on quantum points, possesses a higher speed. In.... Sources for individual photons in quantum computer science are the separate... of atoms for applications in quantum information and metrology" given a brief... nuclear standards of frequency and quantum informatics. Sources of single photons... cooled atoms, but also separate quantum dots which contain a small number... "Nonclassical emitters based on semiconductor quantum dots" describes development and design... quantum dots within the micron-size aperture characterized by a high external quantum..., A. Sakai, T. Baba IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron., 1999, 5, 673. DOI: 10... an Active Region Based on Quantum Dots* Natalia V. Kryzhanovskaya – Institution of... multilayered arrays of InAs/InGaAs quantum dots emitting in the 1.3 µm spectral... temperature ever reported for the quantum-dot based microlasers. At room... the spectral interval of the quantum dot ground-state optical transition.... Keywords: semiconductors, diode lasers, microresonators, quantum dots, whispering gallery modes. References.../S1063782613100187. 12. N.V. Kryzhanovskaya, M.V. Maximov, A.E. Zhukov Quantum Electron., 2014, 44, 189. DOI..., A. Sakai, T. Baba IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron., 1999, 5, 673. DOI: 10..., P. Westbergh, Е. Haglund, A. Larsson, A. Joe IEEE J. Quantum Electron., 2010, 46, 506. DOI..., A. Joel, A. Larsson IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., 2009, 15, 694. DOI..., A. Hanglund, A. Larsson IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., 2011, 17, 1603. DOI..., P. Westbergh, Е. Haglund, A. Larsson, A. Joe IEEE J. Quantum Electron., 2010, 46, 506. DOI..., A. Joel, A. Larsson IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., 2009, 15, 694. DOI..., A. Hanglund, A. Larsson IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., 2011, 17, 1603. DOI..., V.M. Entin, I.I. Ryabtsev, P.L. Chapovsky, V.I. Yudin, A.V. Taichenachev Quantum Computers and Computing, 2010, 10... of Atoms for Applications in Quantum Information and Metrology* Igor I. Ryabtsev... the modern nuclear, laser and quantum physics. Ultracold atoms confined in... standards of new generation, and quantum information science. This paper gives..., V.M. Entin, I.I. Ryabtsev, P.L. Chapovsky, V.I. Yudin, A.V. Taichenachev Quantum Computers and Computing, 2010, 10.../7/074013. 22. O.I. Permyakova, A.V. Yakovlev, P.L. Chapovsky Quantum Electronics, 2005, 35, 449. DOI...: 10.1134/S1063776106110069. 25. P.L. Chapovsky Quantum Electronics, 2006, 36, 257. DOI.../S0021364007140020. 27. O.I. Permyakova, A.V. Yakovlev, P.L. Chapovsky Quantum Electronics, 2008, 38, 884. DOI..., V.I. Baraulya, A.E. Bonert, A.N. Goncharov, M.R. Seidaliev, S.A. Farnosov Quantum Electronics, 2001, 31, 495. DOI.... A.N. Goncharov, A.E. Bonert, D.V. Brazhnikov, A.M. Shilov, S.N. Bagayev Quantum Electronics, 2014, 44, 521. DOI... Литература 1. J. Cerf, G. Leuchs, E.S. Polzik Eds., Quantum Information with Continuous Variables of....70.053821. 5. P. Michler Ed., Single Quantum Dots. Fundamentals, Applications and New..., 2003. 6. P. Michler Ed., Single Semiconductor Quantum Dots, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2009.../1.3691251. 11. D. Bimberg, M. Grundmann, N.N. Ledentsov Quantum Dot Heterostructures, John Wiley & Sons...-8. 13. Z.W. Wang Ed., Self-assembled Quantum Dots, Springer Science+Business Media..., 2013, 97, 313. English Semiconductor Quantum Dots Based Non-classical Emitters... positioned InAs quantum dots within a micrometer size aperture, a high external quantum efficiency... quantum dots. Keywords: single photon emitter, entangled photon pairs emitter, semiconductor quantum dots. References 1. J. Cerf, G. Leuchs, E.S. Polzik Ed., Quantum Information with....70.053821. 5. P. Michler Ed., Single Quantum Dots. Fundamentals, Applications and New..., 2003. 6. P. Michler Ed., Single Semiconductor Quantum Dots, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2009.../1.3691251. 11. D. Bimberg, M. Grundmann, N.N. Ledentsov Quantum Dot Heterostructures, John Wiley & Sons...-8. 13. Z.W. Wang Ed., Self-assembled Quantum Dots, Springer Science+Business Media....29.001734. 5. N.V. Golovastikov, D.A. Bykov, L.L. Doskolovich Quantum Electron., 2014, 44, 984. DOI....29.001734. 5. N .V. Golovastikov, D.A. Bykov, L.L. Doskolovich Quantum Electron., 2014, 44, 984. DOI...), 7. 8. L. Eldada, L.W. Shacklette IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron., 2000, 6(1), 54. DOI: 10...). 8. L. Eldada, L.W. Shacklette IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron., 2000, 6(1), 54. DOI: 10...ávez-Cedra, J. Arlt, K. Dholakia J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclass. Opt., 2002, 4, S82. DOI...ávez-Cedra, J. Arlt, K. Dholakia J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclass. Opt., 2002, 4, S82. DOI...



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...-dependence. -1- Trevor Peter Hardcastle - MSc Quantum Fields and Fundamental Forces - CID.......................................................................................................22 -2- Trevor Peter Hardcastle - MSc Quantum Fields and Fundamental Forces - CID... CMB..............................................22 3.2 Perturbations on the quantum scale.......................................................................24 3.3 Finding a solution for... theory -3- Trevor Peter Hardcastle - MSc Quantum Fields and Fundamental Forces - CID... [10]. -4- Trevor Peter Hardcastle - MSc Quantum Fields and Fundamental Forces - CID... a nutshell -5- Trevor Peter Hardcastle - MSc Quantum Fields and Fundamental Forces - CID... stage. -6- Trevor Peter Hardcastle - MSc Quantum Fields and Fundamental Forces - CID... inflation. -7- Trevor Peter Hardcastle - MSc Quantum Fields and Fundamental Forces - CID... factors: -8- Trevor Peter Hardcastle - MSc Quantum Fields and Fundamental Forces - CID... factor -9- Trevor Peter Hardcastle - MSc Quantum Fields and Fundamental Forces - CID... [A.8]: - 10 - Trevor Peter Hardcastle - MSc Quantum Fields and Fundamental Forces - CID... - 11 - Trevor Peter Hardcastle - MSc Quantum Fields and Fundamental Forces - CID... elegantly with the idea that quantum fluctuations during the inflationary period.... - 12 - Trevor Peter Hardcastle - MSc Quantum Fields and Fundamental Forces - CID.... - 13 - Trevor Peter Hardcastle - MSc Quantum Fields and Fundamental Forces - CID... - (2.13) Trevor Peter Hardcastle - MSc Quantum Fields and Fundamental Forces - CID... [4]: - 15 - Trevor Peter Hardcastle - MSc Quantum Fields and Fundamental Forces - CID... E - 16 - Trevor Peter Hardcastle - MSc Quantum Fields and Fundamental Forces - CID... [4]: - 19 - Trevor Peter Hardcastle - MSc Quantum Fields and Fundamental Forces - CID...) - 20 - Trevor Peter Hardcastle - MSc Quantum Fields and Fundamental Forces - CID...). - 21 - Trevor Peter Hardcastle - MSc Quantum Fields and Fundamental Forces - CID...: - 23 - Trevor Peter Hardcastle - MSc Quantum Fields and Fundamental Forces - CID... dimensionless variance: 2  (k )  2  k k 3 (3.1) 2 2 3.2 Perturbations on the quantum scale In section 1.1.5, the notion...], 1  a . H (3.3) - 24 - Trevor Peter Hardcastle - MSc Quantum Fields and Fundamental Forces - CID... . - 26 - Trevor Peter Hardcastle - MSc Quantum Fields and Fundamental Forces - CID... in finding the solution (3.15). Quantum digression Under quantization, u k will become... functions. The bridge joining the quantum fluctuation  and the primordial power...]: - 28 - Trevor Peter Hardcastle - MSc Quantum Fields and Fundamental Forces - CID... a k - 29 - Trevor Peter Hardcastle - MSc Quantum Fields and Fundamental Forces - CID...: - 30 - Trevor Peter Hardcastle - MSc Quantum Fields and Fundamental Forces - CID.... - 31 - Trevor Peter Hardcastle - MSc Quantum Fields and Fundamental Forces - CID..., D. N. - 33 - Trevor Peter Hardcastle - MSc Quantum Fields and Fundamental Forces - CID...  0 A.5 T   L        L      - 35 - Trevor Peter Hardcastle - MSc Quantum Fields and Fundamental Forces - CID...:   a  H  8G      t  a  t t 3 2G  3  - 36 - Trevor Peter Hardcastle - MSc Quantum Fields and Fundamental Forces - CID...: ( 0) g  1 0 0 0    0 1 0 0  2  a ( ) 0 0 1 0     0 0 0  1   - 39 - Trevor Peter Hardcastle - MSc Quantum Fields and Fundamental Forces - CID...). - 40 - Trevor Peter Hardcastle - MSc Quantum Fields and Fundamental Forces - CID...: x q~ ( ~ x  )  ~ x  ( 0) q ( x  )  q  - 41 - Trevor Peter Hardcastle - MSc Quantum Fields and Fundamental Forces - CID...): - 42 - Trevor Peter Hardcastle - MSc Quantum Fields and Fundamental Forces - CID...    - 43 - Trevor Peter Hardcastle - MSc Quantum Fields and Fundamental Forces - CID...  ~     0 a  a - 44 - Trevor Peter Hardcastle - MSc Quantum Fields and Fundamental Forces - CID...: - 45 - Trevor Peter Hardcastle - MSc Quantum Fields and Fundamental Forces - CID... - 46 -  Trevor Peter Hardcastle - MSc Quantum Fields and Fundamental Forces - CID...: - 47 - Trevor Peter Hardcastle - MSc Quantum Fields and Fundamental Forces - CID...:     1 3  2    2    2  a 1  2   1  2  2  1  a 1  2       2 0 - 48 - Trevor Peter Hardcastle - MSc Quantum Fields and Fundamental Forces - CID... ,   0 - 49 - Trevor Peter Hardcastle - MSc Quantum Fields and Fundamental Forces - CID...:    4 0  H   H  - 50 - Trevor Peter Hardcastle - MSc Quantum Fields and Fundamental Forces - CID...  2 : - 51 - Trevor Peter Hardcastle - MSc Quantum Fields and Fundamental Forces - CID... aˆ k , aˆ k    aˆ k , aˆ k   0 : - 52 - Trevor Peter Hardcastle - MSc Quantum Fields and Fundamental Forces - CID... ,   0 2. H  4 0 - 53 - Trevor Peter Hardcastle - MSc Quantum Fields and Fundamental Forces - CID...  V ,      - 54 - 8G V ( ) : 3 Trevor Peter Hardcastle - MSc Quantum Fields and Fundamental Forces - CID...(H ) - 55 - Trevor Peter Hardcastle - MSc Quantum Fields and Fundamental Forces - CID...



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... . . 2.6.2. Local density approximation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.6.3. Mott shells . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.7. Quantum gas microscopy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.7.1. Single-site imaging... method of stationary phase 57 C. Quantum adiabatic theorem 58 D. Derivation of... to observe characteristic phenomena of quantum particles in periodic potentials, such... provides an opportunity for exploring a quantum system analogous to electrons in...-called diluteness parameter ρa3 . For quantum gases in standard traps, and... first Chapter the properties of quantum gases in lattices that do... the continuum. In experiments with quantum gases, the dipole potential is... theory describing the motion of a quantum particle in a periodic potential. The...,q ’s Bloch functions. The label q is a quantum number imposed by symmetry considerations... and forbidden energy bands. The quantum number n (the “band index") allows... functions The Bloch functions describe quantum states that are delocalized over... bound limit, which corresponds to quantum tunneling through the potential barriers... another one at xj by quantum tunneling through the potential barriers... method enabling the preparation of quantum gases in (typically) harmonic traps... T the temperature. The latter for a quantum gas in the lowest band... can do is to prepare a quantum gas prepared in a regular harmonic... meaning. In Thermodynamics (classical or quantum), an adiabatic process is one... Quantum Mechanics, on the other hand, adiabaticity is linked to the quantum... the evolution in time of a quantum system when the ˙ Loosely speaking... energy eigenstates. The thermodynamical and quantum-mechanical adiabaticity are in general... ν Thus, dp dt = 0 implies dt = 0 (quantum-mechanical adiabaticity implies thermodynamical adiabaticity... not true. In particular, the quantum adiabatic theorem cannot be used... reserved to adiabaticity in the quantum mechanical sense, which will be... Section showed that a non-interacting quantum gas can be transferred at... adiabatically from zero in the quantum-mechanical sense, which is a stronger...-momentum is no longer a good quantum number and can change during... ideal gas, this requires a deeply quantum degenerate gas near unity filling... an harmonic oscillator familiar from quantum optics [27], |Ψcoh = N e √ Nˆ b†k=0 √ |∅ = N e i nˆ a†i |∅ = ∞ i Ni ni... behavior is familiar from statistical quantum mechanics: computing the grand partition... and above. This behavior signals a quantum phase transition (at zero temperature... = 0 and → 1/4 for large filling n 1. The quantum depletion of the condensate in... correlation features. In analogy with quantum optics, we thus consider the... from j and flies to x. The quantum mechanical amplitudes associated to each... now considered as a pillar of quantum optics [44]. For x ≈ x , the interference... energy close to the “modulation quantum” ωmod . Figure 2.11 shows the... potential is now stationary. In quantum mechanics, the change of reference...-momentum (which is still a good quantum number) becomes in the moving... able to observe it directly. 2.7. Quantum gas microscopy 2.7.1. Single-site imaging..., freezing the density distribution. The quantum gas is then made to...). 45 Figure 2.16.: Imaging of quantum gases at the single-atom... understand better the results of quantum gas microscopy experiments, one needs... insulator for fermions). More recently, quantum gas microscopes were demonstrated for... Mott insulator regime taken using a quantum gas microscope. The cuts show... obtain evidence for antiferromagnetic ordering. Quantum gas microscopes proved extremely useful...), and principle for spin-resolved quantum gas microscopy (right picture) in... complicated by the fact that quantum gas microscopes measure the parity... integration"). 56 C. Quantum adiabatic theorem We consider a slowly evolving quantum system. The... the superexchange Hamiltonian. We consider a quantum system with Hamiltonian ˆ =H ˆ0 + H ˆ 1. H (F.1) ˆ 0 are organized..., S Dörscher, K Bongs, and K Sengstock. Ultracold quantum gases in triangular optical lattices..., O. Mandel, T. Esslinger, T. W. Hänsch, and I. Bloch. Quantum phase transition from a superfluid to.... B: Quantum Semiclass. Opt., 5:S9–S16, 2003. [27] D. F. Walls and G. J. Milburn. Quantum optics...] Lode Pollet. Recent developments in quantum Monte Carlo simulations with applications... van der Straten, and H. T. C. Stoof. Quantum phases in an optical lattice...’ev, and B. V. Svistunov. Expansion of a quantum gas released from an optical..., 2008. [39] Markus Greiner. Ultracold quantum gases in three-dimensional optical..., O. Mandel, T. Gericke, and I. Bloch. Spatial quantum noise correlations of ultracold atoms...–1450, 12 1956. [44] U. Fano. Quantum theory of interference effects in... Brown Twiss effect for ultracold quantum gases. Science, 310(5748):648...-atom imaging of fermions in a quantum-gas microscope. Nat Phys, 11..., Thomas Lompe, and Martin W. Zwierlein. Quantum-gas microscope for fermionic atoms..., and Tilman Esslinger. Short-range quantum magnetism of ultracold fermions in...



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