Спутник связи. 2001 Mars Odyssey. [Редактировать]

«2001 Марс Одиссей» — орбитальный аппарат НАСА, исследующий Марс. Главная задача, стоящая перед аппаратом, заключается в изучении геологического строения планеты и поиске минералов. Аппарат был запущен 7 апреля 2001 года ракетой-носителем «Дельта-2». 24 октября «Одиссей» прибыл на околомарсианскую орбиту. Аппарату удалось получить данные, свидетельствующие о крупных запасах воды на Марсе. По-видимому, в некоторых областях на глубине порядка 45 см залегает порода, состоящая из замёрзшей воды на 70 % по объёму. Изучение марсианского водяного льда продолжил аппарат «Феникс», который сел на поверхность планеты 25 мая 2008 года. «Одиссей» использовался в качестве ретранслятора для передачи информации с марсохода Спирит, используется по настоящее время для обеспечения связи с марсоходом Оппортьюнити. В июле 2012 года орбита Одиссея была скорректирована для передачи информации от нового марсохода Кьюриосити.

Решаемые научные задачи:

  • Глобальное картирование элементного состава поверхности Марса;
  • Определение количества водорода (лед,вода) в тонком поверхностном слое;
  • Исследование минералогии поверхности с высоким пространственным и спектральным разрешением;
  • Изучение морфологии поверхности Марса и геологических процессов, которые ее сформировали;
  • Получение данных для планирования мест посадки следующих АМС;
  • Описание радиационной обстановки вблизи Марса для оценки риска пилотируемой экспедиции.

Дополнительные наименования

#НаименованияПоиск в новостяхПоиск в документах
1Mars Surveyor 2001 OrbiterНайтиНайти
2Mars Odyssey 2001НайтиНайти
326734НайтиНайти

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Страна оператор(владелец) - США
2Страна производитель - США
3Тип оператора(владельца) - государственный
4Все спутники связи

Новостная лента[Найти информацию в новостях] [Найти информацию в документах]

#Новостная лента.
12003-10-23. Марсианский радиационный эксперимент (MARIE) перестал проходить должным образомТэги: 2001 Mars Odyssey
22015-02-25. НАСА планирует в 2022 году запуск нового спутника ретрансляции.
NASA планирует запустить новый телекоммуникационный спутник на орбиту Марса с 2022 году для обеспечения работы марсохода Mars 2020. Этот аппарат будет использовать ряд инновационных разработок, а именно: высокопроизводительные ЭРДУ которые будут работать от солнечных батарей и/или оптическую коммуникационную полезную нагрузку которая должна позволить передавать данные с повышенной скоростью.
Необходимость пуска нового аппарата обусловлена тем, что, используемый в настоящее время в качестве ретранслятора аппарат Mars Odyssey находится на орбите уже более 13 лет и срок его активного существования подходит к концу. В случае, если до запуска нового космического аппарата,на ретрансляторе произойдет отказ, то НАСА планирует задействовать для передачи данных космический аппарат MAVEN. Вероятность данного события достаточно высока поскольку в 2012 году на связном аппарате уже отказывал маховик.
Отличительной особенностью нового спутника будет являться установка на него сенсоров дистанционного зондирования.Тэги: Космическое агентство СШАMars 2020 Rover Mission2001 Mars OdysseyMAVEN
32016-10-21. ЕКА сообщило, что модуль «Скиапарелли» разбился при посадке на Марс.
По результатам анализа снимков поверхности Марса с орбитальных аппаратов (Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter и Mars Odyssey 2001), Европейское космическое агентство определило, что модуль Schiaparelli разбился при посадке на Марс. Согласно сообщению агентства скорее всего космический аппарат упал с высоты от двух до четырех км (скорость перед столкновением составила более 300 км в час). Тэги: Exo-Mars. Демонстрационный десантный модуль СкиапареллиMars Reconnaissance Orbiter2001 Mars OdysseyЕвропейское космическое агентство

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса, кг376
2Мощность, Вт750

Характеристики орбиты

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1САС (достигнутый), год13

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Код NSSDC2001-014A

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Оператор NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory
2Производитель Lockheed Martin

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Дата пуска2001-04-07 at 15:02:22 UTC
2Полезная нагрузка 1x2001 Mars Odyssey
3Ракета-носитель 1xДельта 2 7425

Найдено 1000 документов по запросу «2001 Mars Odyssey». [Перейти к поиску]


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...-1 Mars Mariner 9, Viking Orbiter 1 & 2, Viking Lander 1 & 2, Mars Phobos, Mars Pathfinder, Mars Global Surveyor, 2001 Mars Odyssey, Mars Exploration Rover 1 & 2, Mars Express, Mars Reconnaissance.... Mars Climate Orbiter (Mars Surveyor 98) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .103 Mars Polar Lander (Mars Surveyor 98) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .104 2001 Mars Odyssey . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .104 Mars Exploration Rover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .128 8.6.9.1. Mars Exploration Rover Spirit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .129 8.6.9.2. Mars Exploration... Mars Surveyor 2001 am Mars, künstlerische Darstellung Mars Surveyor 2001 am Mars, altes Design, künstlerische Darstellung Mars Surveyor 2001 am Mars, altes Design, künstlerische Darstellung Mars Surveyor 2001 Lander und... Darstellung Mars Express am Mars, künstlerische Darstellung Sonde 2001 Mars Odyssey (ehemals Mars Surveyor 2001) am Mars und Marsmond Phobos Modell des Mars Surveyor 2001... Mars Surveyor 2001 Landers, künstlerische Darstellung (Mission gestrichen) Aufbau der Sonde 2001 Mars Odyssey (ehemals Mars Surveyor 2001), grafische Darstellung Modell des Mars Surveyor 2001 Landers (Mission gestrichen) und Orbiter 2001 Mars Odyssey, künstlerische Darstellung...figuration Modell des Viking Lander 2001 Mars Odyssey auf der Startrampe Schematischer Aufbau... 3. Jan. 1999 2 2001 Mars Odyssey Mars Express Spirit (Mars Exploration Rover A) 7. April 2001 2. Juni 2003 10..., Kombination von Daten der Missionen 2001 Mars Odyssey, Mars Global Survey und Viking Viking... Eiszeit, Kombination von Daten von 2001 Mars Odyssey, Mars Global Surveyor und Viking Mesas... 7,9° N und 205,7° W Sonde 2001 Mars Odyssey im Mars-Orbit, MOC Mars Bestandsverzeichnis 2009 100 PIA07942... Mars Sonde 2001 Mars Odyssey im Mars-Orbit aus 90 km Entfernung, MOC Sonde 2001 Mars Odyssey im Mars-Orbit, Anaglyph, MOC Sonde Mars Express im Mars-Orbit... MCO03 MCO04 Mars Bestandsverzeichnis 2009 104 8.6.7. Mars Polar Lander (Mars Surveyor 98) 8.6.8. 2001 Mars Odyssey Bildnummer...,3° O Sonde 2001 Mars Odyssey am Mars, Einsatzweise der verschiedenen Instrumente Sonde 2001 Mars Odyssey am Mars, Einsatzweise der verschiedenen Instrumente Sonde 2001 Mars Odyssey am Mars, Einsatzweise... zeigt Künstlerische Darstellung der Sonde 2001 Mars Odyssey bei der Suche nach Eis... 306,7° O Sonde 2001 Mars Odyssey über Südpol, künstlerische Darstellung Sonde 2001 Mars Odyssey über Südpol, künstlerische Darstellung, Anaglyph Sonde 2001 Mars Odyssey über Mars bei Sonnenaufgang, künstlerische Darstellung Sonde 2001 Mars Odyssey über Mars bei Sonnenaufgang..., Kombination von Daten der Missionen 2001 Mars Odyssey, Mars Global Surveyor und Viking Südlicher... des Mars Rovers Spirit, Kombination aus Daten von Mars Global Surveyor und 2001 Mars Odyssey... auf Aufnahmen von MGS und 2001 Mars Odyssey identifiziert werden können Karte... Daten des DIMES, MGS und 2001 Mars Odyssey Seit der Landung im Eagle... Daten des DIMES, MGS und 2001 Mars Odyssey 120°-Panorama des freigelegten Gesteins... Phobos und Bahnen der Sonden Mars Odyssey und Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter Südlicher Teil... World Wide Web 2001 Mars Odyssey Homepage http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/odyssey/ Mars Exploration Rover.../index.html Mars Science Laboratory http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/msl/ Mars Odyssey Mission... Supporting Stills (VHS PAL) 91. 2001 Mars Odyssey Pre-Launch Video, 15:00...



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... Mars orbit in September 1997, and is still performing flawlessly. The 2001 AS-7 Mars Odyssey will be launched in April 2001, and we have started development of the twin Mars Environmental...: March 2001 PRR: March 2001 SORR: March 2001 FRR: April 2001 PFR: May 2001 Flight...: April 2001 PRR: April 2001 SORR: April 2001 FRR: May 2001 PFR: May 2001 Flight...: January 2001 PRR: February 2001 SORR: February 2001 FRR: February 2001 PFR: March 2001 Flight... 2001 March 2001 Actual/Revised October 2000 December 2000 February 2001 March 2001 April 2001 June 2001 July 2001 April 2001 January 2001 May 2001 June 2001 August 2001...-II, EO-1/SAC-C, HESSI, GENESIS, Odyssey, TIMED/JASON, GOES– M, MAP, AQUA... early launch support to Mars Odyssey during FY 2001. Wallops Flight Facility (WFF... Science Mars Exploration Program has initiated funding beginning in FY 2001 to... FY 2001 Radio metric navigation and telecommunications between multiple vehicles at Mars... for Mars missions that will carry nuclear materials were begun in 2001... concentrate their resources on the Mars Odyssey mission, and due to a conflict... a French-led Mars mission, were selected in January 2001 for further definition... FY 2001. SAT 1-38 BASIS OF FY 2002 FUNDING REQUIREMENT MARS EXPLORATION PROGRAM FY 2000 FY 2001 FY 2002 (Thousands of Dollars) 2001 Mars Odyssey* ......................................................... 2003 Mars Exploration Rovers... failed upon arrival at Mars. One of the Mars 2001 Odyssey Orbiter's primary science... composition of the Martian surface. Odyssey will carry 3 science instruments, the... explorers. The 2001 Mars Odyssey Orbiter is scheduled for launch in April 2001, and will arrive at Mars in October 2001. Initial scientific... most promising by MGS and Odyssey, searching for the most compelling... during Mars and other OSS missions' critical activities. SCHEDULE & OUTPUTS Mars 2001 Orbiter... Mars 2001 Orbiter and Lander science instruments that meet capability requirements. The Mars... Plan: March 2001 Revised: April 2001 The Odyssey orbiter shipped in January 2001, a one... FY 2001 Revised: Lander cancelled 2003 Mars Exploration Rover (MER) Mars Exploration Rover... in January 2001. Launch is scheduled for April 2001. The 2003 Mars Exploration... February 25, 2001. SAT 1-42 nd The 2005 Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO... for the Mars 2003 rovers. 2001 Mars Odyssey (launch scheduled April, FY 2001; expected operations beyond FY 2002) The Mars 2001 Odyssey... 2001 Mars Odyssey Orbiter is scheduled for launch in April 2001, will arrive at Mars in October 2001, and will... 2001 Mars Odyssey (04/01), HESSI (spring 2001), Genesis (summer 2001), MAP (summer 2001), TIMED (summer 2001), CATSAT (winter 2001/2), GALEX... be completed in FY 2001. However, the Virtual Mars demonstration will not... (non-Mars) First Mission C/D Start st Plan: 1 Qtr FY 2001 Revised: TBD... for Mars missions that will carry nuclear materials were begun in 2001... the Mars Missions (Mars Odyssey Orbiter, Mars Twin Orbiters and Rovers, Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, Mars Mobile Science Lab, Mars Scout, Mars Science Orbiter, Mars Sample... ($M) 5.7 7.1 7.7 8.0 6.6 7.0 6.2 Cont. MARS GLOBAL SURVEYOR (MGS) 1998 MARS ORBITER/LANDER 2001 MARS ODYSSEY 2003 MARS EXPLORATION ROVERS....0 0.2 290.0 0.4 6.0 0.6 296.0 SI-22 2001 Mars Odyssey The Mars 2001 Odyssey science objective is to determine... 2001 Mars Odyssey Orbiter is scheduled for launch in April 2001, will arrive at Mars in October 2001, and will... elements of the Mars Surveyor 05 mission. Yellow FY 2001 FY 2002... levels by the Mars Polar Lander (MPL). Red FY 2001 FY 2002 0S41: MPL will successfully land on Mars in... budget and schedule. Missions are: Mars Odyssey ('01 Orbiter) and Genesis. (Indicators..., TIMED, HESSI, IMAGE, Genesis, and Mars Odyssey ('01 Orbiter). TBD FY 2002... three performance objectives for Mars Odyssey (’01 Orbiter), Mars Global Surveyor, and Terrestrial... on Mars, the Moon, and small bodies. FY 2000 FY 2001 FY... on Mars, the Moon, and small bodies. FY 2000 FY 2001 FY... the performance objectives for Mars Odyssey ('01 Orbiter), CONTOUR, Mars Global Surveyor, and... Mars In-situ Propellant Production Precursor (MIP) flight unit for the 2001 Mars... of experiments for the Mars Surveyor Program 2001 missions. FY 2002 TBD... Instrument for biological models to Mars 2001 mission to understand the influence... of experiments for the Mars Surveyor Program 2001 missions. Assessment Green TBD...



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... AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION 2001 Mars Odyssey Launch Press Kit April 2001 Contacts Don Savage... Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA 2001 Mars Odyssey Mission 818/354-5011 Mary... Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA 2001 Mars Odyssey Mission 818/354-0344 George...: 2001 MARS ODYSSEY SET TO FIND OUT WHAT MARS IS MADE OF When NASA's 2001 Mars Odyssey... launch of 2001 Mars Odyssey represents a milestone in our exploration of Mars -- the first..., D.C. "Mars continues to surprise us at every turn. We expect Odyssey to... Station, Fla., Odyssey is NASA's first mission to Mars since the loss... mission risk," said George Pace, 2001 Mars Odyssey Project Manager at NASA's Jet... of the mission." Odyssey is part of NASA's Mars Exploration Program, a long... restructured Mars Exploration Program begins a new era of reconnaissance with the Mars Odyssey orbiter," said Dr. Jim Garvin, Lead Scientist for NASA's Mars Exploration Program. "Odyssey will help identify and ultimately target those places on Mars where... from Mars Global Surveyor. Like a virtual shovel digging into the surface, Odyssey... activity," said Dr. Steve Saunders, 2001 Mars Odyssey Project Scientist at JPL. "Despite... its primary science mission, the Odyssey orbiter will provide a communications relay... Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif., manages the 2001 Mars Odyssey mission for NASA's Office of... for television transmissions for the 2001 Mars Odyssey launch will be available from... Credentialing Requests to cover the 2001 Mars Odyssey launch must be faxed in... Information Extensive information on the 2001 Mars Odyssey mission, including an electronic copy...: April 7 to April 27, 2001 Earth-Mars distance at launch: 125 million... Mars: 460 million kilometers (286 million miles) Mars arrival date: October 24, 2001 Earth-Mars distance at arrival... Cost: $297 million total for 2001 Mars Odyssey, comprised of the following: $165... mission to the red planet, 2001 Mars Odyssey, will provide another vital piece... our own home planet. The 2001 Mars Odyssey mission continues us on the... and scientists working on the 2001 Mars Odyssey project began looking at ways...-day lifetime. q Mars Global Surveyor (November 1996 - January 2001 primary mapping mission... the Mars Global Surveyor and Mars Odyssey orbiters, as well as other missions. q Mars...) or more. 15 Mission Overview 2001 Mars Odyssey is an orbiter carrying three...:49 7:16:43 7:10:01 Mars Odyssey spacecraft Payload attach fitting Fairing... velocity required to place Odyssey on a trajectory to Mars. This upper stage... Odyssey is launched during the secondary period, science data return at Mars... Earth at arrival Mars arrival 24 Oct TCM-5 2001 Arrival -24 hours... days Launch: 7 Apr 2001 TCM-1 Launch + 8 days Mars at launch TCM-3 Arrival... upper stage and the attached 2001 Mars Odyssey spacecraft must be despun so... near Canberra, Australia will acquire Odyssey's signal. Interplanetary Cruise The interplanetary... to determine and correct Odyssey's flight path to Mars. There are science... as spacecraft limitations allow. Odyssey's flight path to Mars is called a Type... Aerobraking orbits During interplanetary cruise, Odyssey is scheduled to fire its... operators can more precisely adjust Odyssey’s flight path. Delta DOR measurements... mission. Mars Orbit Insertion Odyssey will arrive at Mars on October 24, 2001. As... the science orbit where Odyssey will circle Mars at a uniform altitude. It.... 26 Spacecraft The shape of 2001 Mars Odyssey is anything but uniform, but... 2.6 meters (8.5 feet) wide. At launch Odyssey weighs 725.0 kilograms (1598.4 pounds... conserving mass while retaining strength. Odyssey's metal structure is similar to... power subsystem. The interface to Odyssey's telecommunications subsystems exists through another... 11.1 kilograms (24.5 pounds). Telecommunications Odyssey's telecommunications subsystem is composed of... used for communications between Odyssey and future Mars landers. The telecommunication subsystem... spacecraft's orientation. Like most spacecraft, Odyssey's orientation is held fixed in... emission imaging system Neutron spectrometer 2001 Mars Odyssey spacecraft Propulsion The propulsion subsystem... thrusters are used to perform Odyssey's attitude control and trajectory correction....2 kilograms (53.4 pounds). Flight Software Odyssey receives its commands via radio... the chief scientific goals that 2001 Mars Odyssey will focus on is mapping... extended after Odyssey has entered the mapping orbit at Mars. This is... collect data during Odyssey's cruise from Earth to Mars. It can stores.... 35 Program/Project Management The 2001 Mars Odyssey mission is managed by the... for the Mars Exploration Program, Mark Dahl is the 2001 Mars Odyssey Program Executive, and Dr. Michael Meyer is the 2001 Mars Odyssey Program... McCleese is Mars Program Scientist, George Pace is the 2001 Mars Odyssey Project Manager and Dr. R. Stephen Saunders is the 2001 Mars Odyssey Project...



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... 6.1 6.2 6.3 Map of Mars Canals by Lowell from his book “Mars” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120 Headline... be highlighted in bold format. 2.3.1.1 Mars Mars has impressive surface features such... Vega Magellan Mars Mariner 4 Mariner 6 & 7 Mariner 9 Mars 2 & 3 Mars 5 Viking 1 & 2 Phobos 1 & 2 Mars Observer Mars 96 Mars Pathfinder Jupiter Saturn Uranus Neptune Mars Climate Orbiter (lost September 1999) Mars...) OBJECT Mars Jupiter Saturn MISSION OBJECTIVE Mars Global Surveyor Planet B/Nozomi Mars Odyssey Orbiter... Mars BepiColombo Venus Express Mars Express Jupiter Mars Exploration Rovers Athena Mars Recon Orbiter Mars 2005+ Scout SmartLander NetLander Mars..., Uranus, Neptune or Pluto) Mars Global Surveyor Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) was... NASA website, Ref. [50]. Mars Pathfinder Mars Pathfinder was a small lander-rover... to see if a Mars rover was feasible. The Mars Pathfinder mission was... and Planned Astrobiology Investigations Mars Odyssey Mars Odyssey, launched in April 2001, was tasked to... the NASA websites. [51]. Significantly, Odyssey has detected that water may... poles of Mars. Mars Exploration Rovers The objectives of the Mars Exploration Rovers... in the past. [75] Mars Express Mars Express, together with the Beagle... System OBJECT Earth’s Moon Phobos (Mars) Deimos (Mars) Io (Jupiter) Europa (Jupiter... Investigations OBJECT Earth’s Moon Phobos (Mars) Deimos (Mars) Io (Jupiter) Europa (Jupiter... (Jupiter) Titan (Saturn) Phobos (Mars) Deimos (Mars) Earth’s Moon MISSION OBJECTIVE Io...] JPL/NASA. Mars odyssey. online. URL: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/odyssey, last accessed: Aug 24, 2002. [52] JPL/NASA. Mars pathfinder. online. URL: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov... Mars 2001: Integrated Science in Preparation for Sample Return and Human Exploration, 2001...("E19"):48–58, October 2001. Copyright 2001 by the American Geophysical Union... ray spectrometer on board the Mars Odyssey is designed to map the... Gamma ray spectrometer on the Mars Odyssey is supplemented with two neutron... the Mars Express orbiter, THEMIS (Thermal Emission Spectrometer) onboard the mars Odyssey, the... be flown on the Mars Express mission. The Mars Advanced Radar for... ray spectrometer (Mars Odyssey) Gamma ray Mars Express (MARIS) Mars Odyssey THEMIS Interferometer Mars Express (OMEGA) (SPICAM) (PFS) Galileo (NIMS) Visible Observations Mars... Mission ATHENA Payload Mars Pathfinder, ATHENA Payload, Mars Observer Lunar Prospector NEAR... 2001. First European Workshop, Frandcati Italy. [159] ESA. mission to Mars. Online, 2001... distribution of neutrons from mars: Results from mars odyssey. [165] S. Franck, A. Block, W. von... 2001. [182] J. Lederberg and C. Sagan. (1962): Microenvironments for life on mars. Proceedings...] NASA. 2001 mars odyssey. URL: http://mpfwww.jpl.nasa.gov/missions/present/ odyssey.html..., 2002. [193] NASA. Mars global surveyor. URL: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov... 22,2002. [202] NASA. Mars:missions-2003 mars exploration rovers, 04 March... support for future Mars exploration. The surface of Mars now is extremely.... After the failure of Mars Climate Orbiter & Mars Polar Lander, a new program..., 1999. Second Mars Surveyor Landing Site Workshop. [240] Cometary closeup, 2001. URL..., and D.L. Mitchell. Mars global surveyor, magnetic field experiment, 2001. Also published in... the case of Mars, the International Committee against Mars Sample Return (ICAMSR... are: • “Life on Mars” (Near/Simple): A crewed Mars mission in 2020 has..., Lowell observed Mars and developed a theory that a civilization on Mars created huge... “Mars” (1895) (refer to Figure 6.1), “Mars and its Canals” (1906) and “Mars as... O’Meara. Mars - The Lure of the Red Planet. Prometheus Books, 2001. [411... the presence of life on Mars. Mars Pathfinder (1997) This mission landed... conditions that have existed on Mars. Mars Global Surveyor [MGS] - 1996 The... identified by TES data. 2001 Mars Odyssey [MO] - 2001 The Gamma-Ray Spectrometer (GRS... measured in ppm. Mars Express (ME) - 2003 Mars Express will explore the... IAF International Astronautical Federation MO 2001 Mars Odyssey IAU International Astronomical Union. MSFC... Mars. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10, 118 f., 122 – 125 Mars Explorer Rovers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Mars Express . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Mars Global Surveyor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Mars Odyssey . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Mars Pathfinder...



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... (Charnley et al. 2001; Dickens et al. 2001; Kuan et al. 2003b..., J.E., Bergman, P., Hjalmarson, A W.M., ApJ, 560, 792 (2001) Kuan, Y-J., Charnley, S.B., Huang, H-C., Tseng, W-L., Kisiel... operational in the next decade. 4 Mars Mars has a very thin atmosphere (about... Spots on Mars. J. Geoph. Res. 108, 5026–5036. Wong, M.H. (2001). Hydrocarbons and... al. 1996, 2001; Strazzulla 1998; Hudson and Moore 2001, Moore et al... al. 1996, 2001; Salama, 1998; Hudson and Moore 2001] and radiolysis [Johnson... Moore 2001; Bahr et al. 2001; Schou and Pedrys 2001; Satorre et al. 2001; Gerakines et al. 2001] on... from Owen et al. 2001, figure 13, ©2001, with permission from Elsevier... et al. 1996, 2001; Ehrenfreund et al. 1997, 2001]. Photochemical models (e.g. Krasnopolsky.... [2001], Astron. J., 121, 1163, figure 6, ©2001 Am. Astron. Soc. Dumas et al. [2001... et al. 2001, 2002). In 2000, Jewitt and Luu (2001) recorded at... history of water on Mars. In Water on Mars, pages 25-44... (2001), Pinti et al., 2001; Westall et al., (2001), Shen et al. (2001), Ueno et al. (2001a-c), Kakegawa (2001). The...; Pinti and Hashizumi, 2001; Pinti et al., 2001; Ueno et al., 2001c... from the Mars Exploration Rover (MER) missions to Mars were presented that... on Mars in the past.) The next planned Mars Lander missions, NASA’s Mars... the surface of Mars. One candidate instrument is the Mars Organic Detector... Potentially on Mars. Ph.D. Thesis, University of California, San Diego, 2001. Glavin..., C., Palamara, A.T., Danti, M.C., Corelli, F., and Botta, M.: 2001, Synthesis, biological evaluation, and pharmacophore... exist on either Mars or Europa. The suggestion that Mars, Europa and... ” 250,000,000 years 0 2. 2.1 MARS Astrobiology on Mars: Mysteries of the Red... Mariner 9 (NASA) Mars' first artificial satellite—successfully achieved Mars orbit in November... 1996 Mars Global Surveyor (NASA) Mars orbiter. Reached Mars and successfully entered Mars orbit... relay. 1996 Mars Pathfinder (NASA) Soft-landed on Mars on July 4, 1997.... 2001 Mars Odyssey (NASA) Mars orbiter. After interplanetary cruise, the spacecraft arrived at Mars and was successfully inserted into Mars orbit on October 24, 2001. This mission is studying Mars from... investigations of Mars seek to answer the questions, “Was Mars ever warm... did originate on Mars—or was imported to Mars from Earth or... Mars, Europa and Beyond 425 Table 17-3. Characteristics of Mars and Europa Mars... be abundant—as suggested by Mars Odyssey data [35-37]). This ice... obtained by the Mars Orbiter Camera system aboard the Mars Global Surveyor... of volcanism on Mars. Another way that ice on Mars may be... Mars Odyssey mission have been the discovery of abundant subsurface hydrogen on Mars, interpreted as ice, the Mars Global Surveyor (MGS... and climatic insights about Mars. The twin Mars exploration rovers, Spirit and... the orbital data from Mars Global Surveyor and Odyssey— seeking to understand the history of water on Mars through..., 2010: Odyssey II, 1982 Contemplating the potential lessons of Mars and Europa.... Part 1: From Mars to Earth and Earth to Mars. Icarus, 145, 391..., 2001. 27. Kerridge, J. F. (Chair), et al. An Exobiological Strategy for Mars Exploration... Orbital and Spin Dynamics of Mars, in Mars, (H.H. Kieffer, B.M. Jakosky, C.W. Snyder, and... distribution of neutrons from Mars: results from Mars Odyssey,” Science 297, 7578, 2002... the High Energy Neutron Detector, Mars Odyssey, Science 297, 78-81, 2002... of life on Mars during a water-rich past,” in Mars, (H.H. Kieffer, B.M. Jakosky...-scale hydrology on Mars,” Science 291, 2587-2591, 2001. 51. Acuña, M. H., Connerney.... “Possible Ancient oceans on Mars: evidence from Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter data... 154, 4079, 2001. 442 Chapter 17 56. Jakosky, B. M., Phillips, R. J. Mars’ volatile and climate history, Nature 412, 237-244, 2001. 57... of a human Mars mission, ranging from launch, transfer to Mars, atmospheric entry... radio science experiment on board Mars Express MaRS will use the radio... to contact Beagle 2 from Mars Express, Mars Odyssey and from the Jodrell Bank... 2015 2020 2030 Mars Water 1996-MGS (mapping 1999) 2001-Odyssey 2003-MEX...-Darwin Habitability Water (Mars orbit) 1996-MGS, 2001-Odyssey 2003-MEX,MER 2005..., G. W., Kimmich, N., Belisle, W., Sarinana, J., Brabham, K., Garrel L.: 2001, Carbonaceous meteorites as a source of... development of a Mars orbiter, a descent module and a Mars rover. The Mars orbiter will have to be capable of reaching Mars.... The Galileo spacecraft's 14-year odyssey came to an end on... the atmosphere of Mars, the weather and climate of Mars, the composition... magnetic field. http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/ MRO: Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (2006... of Mars to support life. http://centauri.larc.nasa.gov/msl/ ODYSSEY: Mars Odyssey's maps chemical elements and minerals on the surface of Mars, looks...



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... Terre . . . b. Observations orbitales . . . . . . . . . . . . . c. Atterrisseurs Viking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . d. Mars Pathfinder : station et rover... 61 63 63 v e. f. Mars Exploration Rover : Spirit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64 Mars Exploration Rover : Opportunity....3.1 La cam´era HRSC de Mars Express . . . . . a. Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . b. Les capteurs . . . . . . . . . . . . . c. Principe... FROM THE ORBIT BY HRSC/MARS-EXPRESS III.4.1 Introduction : . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . III.4.2 HRSC... pr´evues (MarsExpress, Mars Global Surveyor, Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, Mars Surface Laboratory 2009... missions Viking, Mars Pathfinder. Actuellement en activit´e sur Mars depuis 2004... de r´ esultat Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) [Albee et al., 2001] MOC [Malin...., 1992] [Acu˜ na et al., 2001] Mars Odyssey (MO) [Saunders et al., 2004... et al., 2004] MaRS [P¨ atzold et al., 2004] Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO... de la plan`ete Mars. L’orbite de Mars ´etant excentrique, les distances...-1980 MGS (orbiter) Since 1997 Mars Odyssey Mex Since 2004 MRO Since... la m´et´eorologie sur Mars Si Mars poss`ede un cycle des... observ´e entre (a) le 5 mars et (b) le 12 mars 2005. 100m/pix Cette... ; Warell and Limaye, 2001, Pinet and Rosemberg, 2001, Clark et al., 2002... been obtained by Mars Express in 2 years orbiting around Mars (cf. Tab... 2001. Regional Photometry and Spectral Albedo of the Eastern Hemisphere of Mars...-authors and the Mars-Express & MER Science teams 2006. Mars Express /HRSC..., Oct. 2001. A. L. Albee, R. E. Arvidson, F. Palluconi, and T. Thorpe. Overview of the Mars Global... Orbital Multispectral Imaging of Mars from the Mars Odyssey THEMIS-VIS Instrument. In... and Valles Marineris regions of Mars : Mars Orbiter Camera Observations. Icarus, 165..., Universite : Universite Joseph Fourier Grenoble I, 2001. B. Bornstein, A. Fukunaga, A. Castano, J. Biesiadecki, R. Castano..., M. L. Litvak, and A. K. Ton’chev. The Mars Odyssey Gamma-Ray Spectrometer Instrument Suite.... B. A. Cantor. MOC observations of the 2001 Mars planet-encircling dust storm. Icarus..., 106 :23571–23594, Oct. 2001. A. F. Chicarro. Mars Express ? Scientific Overview After Three... Imaging System (THEMIS) for the Mars 2001 Odyssey Mission. Space Science Reviews, 110..., M. J. Wolff, B. A. Whitney, B. A. Cantor, and M. D. Smith. Mars equatorial mesospheric clouds : Global occurrence... properties from Mars Global Surveyor Thermal Emission Spectrometer and Mars Orbiter Camera... acquired by the Mars Global Surveyor and Mars Odyssey orbiters. Mars, 1 :5–58, Nov. 2005. K. S. Edgett and M. C. Malin. New views of Mars... : Three vignettes from the Mars Global Surveyor Mars Orbiter Camera. Journal of... Change on Mars from Erosion Rates at the Mars Exploration Rover Landing... insight from the Mars Express Orbiter and the Mars Exploration Rover Spirit... in Gusev crater, Mars : Observations from the Mars Exploration Rover Spirit. Journal... Mars static and seasonal gravity, Mars orientation, Phobos and Deimos masses, and Mars... Impact Craters on Mars. Icarus, 153 :61–70, Sept. 2001. J. H. Lambert. Photometria... M. A. Caplinger. The Mars Color Imager (MARCI) on the Mars Climate Orbiter. Journal of Geophysical Research, 106 :17651–17672, Aug. 2001. M. C. Malin, G. E. Danielson, A. P. Ingersoll, H. Masursky, J. Veverka, M. A. Ravine, and T. A. Soulanille. Mars Observer... 1992. M. C. Malin and K. S. Edgett. Mars Global Surveyor Mars Orbiter Camera : Interplanetary cruise... in-flight performance of the Mars Odyssey Thermal Emission Imaging System visible..., M. T. Mellon, S. W. Squyres, N. Thomas, and C. M. Weitz. Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter’s High Resolution Imaging... Reconnaissance Imaging Spectrometer for Mars (CRISM) on Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO). Journal... the Geological Evolution of Mars Through the Mars Express High Resolution Stereo..., K.-I. Oyama, P. Janle, G. Kirchengast, and V. Dehant. MaRS : Mars Express Orbiter Radio Science, pages...ficial properties in Gale Crater, Mars, from Mars Odyssey THEMIS data. Icarus, 167.... 2001. R. Pischel, H. Hoffmann, T. Roatsch, V. Companys, M. Lauer, T. Zegers, and M. Ricketts. Mars Express..., W. P. Sidney, D. A. Spencer, T. W. Thompson, and C. J. Zeitlin. 2001 Mars Odyssey Mission Summary. Space Science Reviews... dust redistribution on Mars as observed by the Mars Global Surveyor and..., D. E. Smith, A. S. Konopliv, S. E. Smrekar, and S. W. Asmar. Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter Radio Science Gravity... Mars Color Imager MARSIS Mars Advanced Radar for Subsurface and Ionosphere Sounding MaRS Mars Radio Science Experiment MAWD Mars Atmosphere Water Detector MCS Mars Climate Sounder MOC Mars Orbiter...-B Opportunity MER Mars Exploration Rover MPL Mars Polar Lander Pth Mars Pathfinder Vl1-2 Viking lander 1-2 Orbiteur 57 MEx Mars Express MGS Mars Global Surveyor MO Mars Odyssey 2001 MRO MarsReconnaissance Orbiter...



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...) .............................................................................................. 26 3.4 Mars Surveyor (2001) .................................................................................... 27 3.5 Genesis (2001)............................................................................................... 30 3.6 MUSES-C (2002)........................................................................................... 31 3.7 Mars Ascent Vehicle... Table 1: Missions to Mars. ............................................................................................. 4 Table 2: Mars Physical Parameters. .............................................................................. 5 Table 3: Mars Orbital Parameters. ................................................................................ 6 Table... further demonstrated on the Mars Surveyor Program 2001 Lander. The nominal trajectory... it.” – Steven Siceloff, Florida Today (2001) Mars has intrigued man since before... 7 Mars 1969A Mars 1969B Mariner 8 Cosmos 419 Mars 2 Mars 3 Mariner 9 Mars 4 Mars 5 Mars 6 Mars 7 Viking 1 Viking 2 Phobos 1 Phobos 2 Mars Observer Mars Global Surveyor Mars 96 Mars Pathfinder Nozomi (Planet-B) Mars Climate Orbiter Mars Polar Lander Deep Space 2 (DS2) 2001 Mars Odyssey...) Mars Flyby Mars Flyby (Contact Lost) Lunar Flyby, Mars Test Vehicle Mars Flyby Mars Flyby...) Orbiter (Arrival 24 Oct. 2001) Since the Mars Pathfinder mission, NASA has... the Mars Polar Lander, this pace slowed and the Mars Surveyor Program 2001 lander was cancelled. The 2001 Mars Odyssey Orbiter is...: METEOR, Pathfinder, Stardust, Mars Surveyor 2001, Genesis, MUSES-C, and Mars Ascent Vehicle. The... methodology. Chapter 10 presents the Mars Surveyor 2001 Lander example. This chapter... proposed flight project, the Mars Surveyor Program 2001 Lander. The objectives of... world” example was the Mars Surveyor Program 2001 Lander. The nominal trajectory...: METEOR, Mars Pathfinder, Stardust, Mars Surveyor Program 2001, Genesis, MUSES-C, and Mars Ascent Vehicle... of appropriate uncertainties. [25] 3.4 Mars Surveyor (2001) NASA’s Mars Surveyor Program (MSP) is... Mars Climate Orbiter (MCO) missions. Both missions failed. The Mars Surveyor 2001 Project consisted initially of two missions, the Mars Surveyor 2001 Orbiter and the Mars Surveyor 2001 Lander. The Orbiter was to nominally orbit Mars for... cancelled. The orbiter, now called 2001 Mars Odyssey, is currently en route to..., 37] 3.4.1 2001 Mars Odyssey Launched April 7, 2001, Mars Odyssey will arrive at Mars in October 2001. Once there... the apoapsis above the planet. Odyssey’s primary science mission is to... to Mars. Odyssey is also expected to support future missions in the Mars... 2001 Lander was designed to deliver a small, advanced technology rover to Mars... between the many different Mars mission scenarios. Mars Surveyor 2001 would have been... was used in the Mars Surveyor Program (MSP) 2001 example. This executable... the example was the Mars Surveyor Program (MSP) 2001 Lander. An Atmospheric....1 MSP 2001 Lander Had the program not been cancelled, Mars Surveyor 2001 would... the surface of Mars. 133 Figure 43: MSP 2001 Lander. 10.2 Monte... uncertainties used in the Mars Surveyor Program 2001 lander problem. Normal, uniform... summary, this chapter presented the Mars Surveyor 2001 Lander example, describing the....2.2 MSP ’01 Example 1) The Mars Surveyor 2001 Lander example demonstrated that the....com/65/ma/Mars-god.html, 2001. 4. Sheehan, W., The Planet Mars: a history of... Mars Probe," Houston Chronicle, April 3, 2001. 7. Walter, M., The Search for Life on Mars..., 1999. 9. NASA, "Mars Exploration," http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/, 2001. 10. Siceloff, S., "NASA Set to Fly Mars Odyssey This Week," Florida Today, April 4, 2001. 11. NASA, "2001 Mars Odyssey - Overview," http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/odyssey/overview/index.html, 2001... Algorithm Testbed for the Mars Surveyor Program 2001 Orbiter and Lander," AIAA... Guidance Algorithms for the Mars Surveyor Program 2001 Missions," AIAA 98-4574.../mission/, 2001. 32. Pastor, P., Bishop, R., and Striepe, S., "Evaluation of Mars Entry Reconstructed... Landing Guidance Algorithms for the Mars 2001 Missions," AIAA-98-4573, AIAA..., F., Spencer, D., and Mase, R., "The Mars Surveyor 2001 Lander: A First Step Towards Precision... Institute (Calspace), "Mars Exploration: Summary of Mars Missions: Mars Surveyor 2001 Lander," http://calspace...



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... Analysis PS- 35 MARS EXPLORATION ………………………………………… PS- 39 2013 Mars Atmosphere and Volatile... on Mars, characterize the climate of Mars, characterize the geology of Mars, and prepare for human exploration. The Mars... the Mars Exploration program include the current operating missions 2001 Mars Odyssey, 2003 Mars Exploration Rover (MER), Mars Express with the European Space Agency, 2005 Mars PS-39 SCIENCE: PLANETARY SCIENCE MARS EXPLORATION Reconnaissance Orbiter.... The Mars Exploration program also includes Mars Program Management, Mars Technology, Mars Operating and Extended Missions, and Mars Research... program management responsibility for the Mars Exploration program, providing overall mission... the Mars Organic Molecule Analyzer (MOMA). A future Mars mission planned within the Mars Next Decade project is being defined. Mars...-41 SCIENCE: PLANETARY SCIENCE: MARS EXPLORATION 2013 MARS ATMOSPHERE & VOLATILE EVOLUTION (MAVEN... provide a comprehensive picture of the Mars upper atmosphere, ionosphere, solar energetic...-42 SCIENCE: PLANETARY SCIENCE: MARS EXPLORATION 2013 MARS ATMOSPHERE & VOLATILE EVOLUTION (MAVEN...-43 SCIENCE: PLANETARY SCIENCE: MARS EXPLORATION 2013 MARS ATMOSPHERE & VOLATILE EVOLUTION (MAVEN...-44 SCIENCE: PLANETARY SCIENCE: MARS EXPLORATION 2013 MARS ATMOSPHERE & VOLATILE EVOLUTION (MAVEN...-45 SCIENCE: PLANETARY SCIENCE: MARS EXPLORATION 2013 MARS ATMOSPHERE & VOLATILE EVOLUTION (MAVEN...-46 SCIENCE: PLANETARY SCIENCE: MARS EXPLORATION 2013 MARS ATMOSPHERE & VOLATILE EVOLUTION (MAVEN...-47 SCIENCE: PLANETARY SCIENCE: MARS EXPLORATION 2013 MARS ATMOSPHERE & VOLATILE EVOLUTION (MAVEN....5 13.5 17.6 18.1 18.5 13.4 2001 M ars Odyssey 10.1 12.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2003 M ars... a rigorous, incremental, discoverydriven exploration of Mars to determine the planet’s physical... operating missions: 2001 Mars Odyssey, 2003 Mars Exploration Rover, Mars Express, 2005 Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO), and the 2011 Mars... included: Mars Research and Analysis, Mars Technology, Mars Mission Operations, Mars Extended Operations, Mars Next Decade, and Mars Program Management. PS-49 SCIENCE: PLANETARY SCIENCE: MARS... Operations Non-Operating Missions MARS RESEARCH AND ANALYSIS Mars Research and Analysis... and temperature patterns, Mars will become host to Mars Science Laboratory (MSL... about whether life existed on Mars. • • Mars Fundamental Research program, which funds... about Mars; Mars Data Analysis, which analyzes archived data collected on Mars missions... science community peer review. MARS TECHNOLOGY Mars Technology focuses on technology investments...-orbit communications improvements (e.g. Electra). MARS MISSION OPERATIONS Mars Mission Operations provides management... development and execution of Mars multi-mission operations. Mars Mission Operations supports... ANALYSIS Formulation Development Operations MARS EXTENDED OPERATIONS Mars Extended Operations provides funding... based on scientific merit. MARS NEXT DECADE Mars Next Decade provides funds... in an integrated strategy. MARS PROGRAM MANAGEMENT Mars Program Management provides for... implementation and management of the Mars Exploration program’s selected flight missions..., and telecommunications integration. Operating Missions 2001 MARS ODYSSEY 2001 Mars Odyssey, currently in its third extended..., climate, and mineralogy. Measurements by Odyssey have enabled scientists to create... spectacular views of Martian topography. Odyssey helped support the landing site... in the mission, Odyssey determined that radiation in low-Mars orbit, an... orbit. Odyssey has provided vital support to ongoing exploration of Mars by...’s UHF system. 2003 MARS EXPLORATION ROVER 2003 Mars Exploration Rover, the rover... the geological processes that shaped Mars, particularly those involving water. Opportunity..., and low light levels. MARS EXPRESS Mars Express, currently in its second... Formulation Development Operations 2005 MARS RECONNAISSANCE ORBITER 2005 Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO... MARS SCIENCE LABORATORY (MSL) 2011 Mars Science Laboratory, currently on cruise to Mars, takes a major step forward in Mars exploration, both... zones on Mars. Recent Achievements 2011 MARS SCIENCE LABORATORY 2011 Mars Science Laboratory... surface operations. 2003 MARS EXPLORATION ROVER 2003 Mars Exploration Rover Opportunity’s study... indicate conditions hospitable for life. 2001 MARS ODYSSEY 2001 Mars Odyssey has become the longest-lived... history (more than 10 years). Odyssey’s longevity enables continued science, including... ever made of the planet. Odyssey also continues to serve as...



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... annual histories I have written since 2001. The study provides the reader... Comet Encounters………………………………………………. 46 Missions to Mars and Mercury………………………………………………………… 51 Kepler Spacecraft... technology mission was launched in 2001. It featured the Geosynchronous Lightweight... the launch vehicle on 9 May 2001. Technicians installed the payload fairing... and comet encounters, 4) missions to Mars and Mercury, and 5) the Kepler... Extreme Ultraviolet Explorer,” 21 Mar 2001. 6 Goddard Space Flight Center, “EUVE.... Operations continued until 10 December 2001 when the satellite went into... was reconfigured to support the MARS EXPLORATION ROVER-B (MER-B) mission in... the Discovery series included the MARS PATHFINDER, LUNAR PROSPECTOR, STARDUST, GENESIS... results. Nevertheless, the Mars Climate Orbiter and the Mars Polar Lander mission... DELTA IIs supported missions to Mars on eight separate occasions between... hour. The spacecraft began its Mars elliptical capture orbit insertion burn... relay data from various NASA Mars landers and spacecraft, and officials... battery failure). The spacecraft studied Mars nearly four times longer than... Space Wing Missileer, 9 Aug 96; “Mars explorers arrive,” 45th Space Wing... Sheet, Goddard Space Flight Center, “Mars Global Surveyor,” undated; Fact Sheet... National Space Science Data Center, “Mars Global Surveyor,” ca 2000. 83... of Mars. Apart form a few communication „glitches,‟ NASA considered the MARS PATHFINDER mission a complete success.88 The MARS CLIMATE ORBITER and MARS... Martian year (i.e., 687 days). The MARS POLAR LANDER‟s operations were expected... focus on weather conditions near Mars‟ South Pole. Since the spacecraft... software interface documentation. The spacecraft‟s Mars insertion trajectory was approximately 87... Sheet, NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, “Mars Pathfinder Overview,” undated; Fact Sheet... Sheet, NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, “Mars Pathfinder Overview,” undated. 89 45... MARS POLAR LANDER after that spacecraft landed on Mars.93 Since the MARS... launched the MARS ODYSSEY mission from Pad 17A in April 2001, and it... 30 April 2001.96 Following lift-off on 7 April 2001, first stage... The mission marked a „return to Mars‟ opportunity for NASA‟s Langley Research....5-hour capture orbit near Mars on 24 October 2001. The spacecraft used... science orbit.99 The MARS ODYSSEY spacecraft 92 Mars Climate Orbiter Mishap Investigation... opportunity on 7 April 2001. 97 45 SW History, CY 2001, Vol I, pp... the MARS ODYSSEY mission after the loss of the MARS CLIMATE ORBITER and MARS... of $20 million in the MARS ODYSSEY mission in 2000. The spacecraft..., the spacecraft gathered data on Mars‟ geology and near-space environment... 3) the Mars Radiation Environment Experiment. Together with its earlier MARS GLOBAL SURVEYOR... missions to the planet.100 MARS ODYSSEY completed its primary mission by... as a communications relay for the Mars Exploration Rovers that landed on... following month. 100 “Odyssey Set To Orbit Mars For Surface Study,” Aviation Week & Space Technology, 15 Oct 2001; “U.S. Poised For Return to Mars,” Aviation Week & Space Technology, 2 Apr 2001; “Mars probe launched from Cape,” 45th Space Wing Missileer, 13 Apr 2001; “Odyssey... 2001; “NASA Begins Odyssey Around The Red Planet,” Space News, 29 Oct 2001. 101 Fact Sheet, NASA/JPL, “2001 Mars Odyssey Mission Summary,” updated... respectively. Following separate landings on Mars on 4 January and 25 January... very slow-moving landers107 assessed Mars‟ geological features, searched for evidence... operations of benefit to future Mars explorers. Both rovers completed their... from the MARS SURVEYOR project, which officials cancelled in 2001 following the loss of the MARS POLAR LANDER... on a Type II trajectory toward Mars. Engineers and technicians raised the... rocket for Mars,” 45th Space Wing Missileer, 6 Jun 2003; “Mars rovers‟ plutonium... Today, 6 Jun 2000; NASA Facts, “Mars Exploration Rover,” pp 1, 2, 3, 4, Oct 2004..., “Mission to Mars, Phoenix Spacecraft,” undated; Fact Sheet, NASA, “Mars Phoenix Lander... Release, NASA, “Phoenix Heads for Mars, Spacecraft Healthy,” undated. 112 45..., “Mission to Mars, Phoenix Spacecraft,” undated; Fact Sheet, NASA, “Mars Phoenix Lander... left: 1) MARS EXPLORATION ROVER-A launch from Pad 17A; 2) PHOENIX Mars Probe, 2007... EXPLORER in White Room, 1997; 5) MARS PATHFINDER payload fairing installation at... out of service in late 2001.8 Hughes Space and Communications International... 1999 – 10 Jun 2001 Colonel Cameron S. Bowser 11 Jun 2001 – 6 Mar 2003... – 12 Apr 2001 Lt. Colonel Kevin P. Karol 13 Apr 2001 – 15 Dec... L. Thompson 29 Mar 1999 – 1 Apr 2001 2 Apr 2001 – 9 Jan 2003 Lt. Colonel... 17A MARS GLOBAL SURVEYOR 4 December 1996 DELTA II Pad 17B MARS PATHFINDER... IIR-7 7 April 2001 DELTA II Pad 17A MARS ODYSSEY 18 May 2001 DELTA II... June 2001 DELTA II Pad 17B MICROWAVE ANISOTROPY PROBE 8 August 2001 DELTA... 17A MARS EXPLORATION ROVER-A 8 July 2003 DELTA II Pad 17B MARS EXPLORATION...



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...: Spacecraft Participation: Emirates Mars Mission, Co-Investigator Mars Atmosphere and Volatile Evolution...-Investigator Mars Science Laboratory, Sample Analysis at Mars investigation, Co-Investigator Mars Odyssey, Thermal Emission Imaging System, Co-Investigator Mars... Clementine, science analysis team member Mars Observer, Interdisciplinary Scientist for Surface... Board, Astrobiology, 2001-present. Editorial Board, Int. J. Astrobiology, 2001-present. American Geophysical... Committee, 5th International Conference on Mars, Pasadena, 1999 Session organizer and... on Early Mars, Houston, 1997. Convenor, Workshop on Mars Volatile and Climate... Research, Fourth International Conference on Mars special issue, 1989-1990. 2 Editorial...-Convenor, Fourth International Conference on Mars, Tucson, 1989. Secretary and Program... of Earth and Mars, Houston, 1986. Convenor, Clouds on Mars Workshop, Boulder...: NASA/ISRO Joint Mars Working Group, 2014NASA Mars 2020 Rover SDT Interim.... National Research Council Committee on Mars Astrobiology Science Strategy, Chair, 2006.... NASA Astrobiology Institute Workshop on Mars Astrobiology Science and Technology, Chair... Europa Orbiter Study Team, 2001 NASA Mars Landing Site Working Group Steering..., 1996. NASA Mars Science Working group, 1996. NASA Mars Exobiology Science Strategy... of Mars (1985-1993) JPL 957571: Mars Observer Interdisciplinary Scientist (1986-2001) NAGW-552: Volatiles on Mars (1988... 1230859: Mars Global Surveyor Interdisciplinary Scientist (1992- 2006) ASU 01319900021: Mars Odyssey THEMIS Co-Investigator (2001- present) NAG5-10413: Remote sensing of planetary surfaces (2001- present) 4 NAG5-10616: Physical properties of potential Mars landing sites (2001-2006... Achievement Award, 2001 Mars Odyssey Project Team NASA Group Achievement Award, 2001 Mars Odyssey Thermal Emission..., F.H. Briggs, B.M. Jakosky, and F.D. Palluconi (1983). Mars: Surface properties from observed longitudinal..., G.L. Berge, B.M. Jakosky, and P.R. Christensen (1987). Mars: VLA observations of the northern.... 29. Jakosky, B.M. and T.Z. Martin (1987). Mars: North polar atmospheric warming dur... on Mars, J. Geophys. Res., 95, 1423-1437. 36. Jakosky, B.M. (1990). Mars atmospheric.... 40. Jakosky, B.M. (1990). Water on Mars: Volatile history and resource availability...). The planet Mars: From antiquity to the present, in Mars (H.H. Kieffer, B.M. Jakosky... seasonal behavior of water on Mars, in Mars (H.H. Kieffer, B.M. Jakosky, C.W. Snyder, and..., C.W. Snyder, and M.S. Matthews, eds. (1992). Mars, U. Arizona Press, 1498 pages. 48..., B.M., B.G. Henderson, and M.T. Mellon (1993). The Mars water cycle at other epochs..., B.M., R.O. Pepin, R.E. Johnson, and J.L. Fox (1994). Mars atmospheric loss and isotopic fractionation..., B.M., A.P. Zent, and R.W. Zurek (1997). The Mars water cycle: Determining the role...). The thermal inertia of Mars from the Mars Global Surveyor Thermal Emission..., B.M. and M.T. Mellon (2001). High-resolution thermal-inertia mapping of Mars: Sites of...-23907. 91. Lawson, S.L. and B.M. Jakosky (2001). Lunar surface thermophysical properties derived..., S. Dason, E. Greene, S. Silverman, and M. Greenfield (2001). Mars Global Surveyor Thermal Emission Spectrometer... M.T. Mellon (2001). Thermal inertia of crater-related wind streaks on Mars, J. Geophys..., B.M. Jakosky, M.D. Lane, M.T. Mellon, and M.A. Presley (2001). Mars’ “White Rock” feature lacks evidence... II (2001). Ancient geodynamics and global-scale hydrology on Mars, Science, 291, 2587-2591. 96. Jakosky, B.M. and R.J. Phillips (2001). Mars’ volatile... (2003). Mars in a new light: Initial results from the 2001 Mars Odyssey Thermal Emission... size-frequency distributions on Mars and implications for Mars Exploration Rover landing...). Surficial properties in Melas Chasma, Mars, from Mars Odyssey THEMIS data, Icarus, 165... Imaging System (THEMIS) for the Mars 2001 Odyssey mission, Space Science Rev., 110...). Surficial properties in Gale Crater, Mars, from Mars Odyssey THEMIS data, Icarus, 167..., S.M. Pelkey, A.D. Rogers, and M.B. Wyatt (2005). Mars Exploration Rover candidate landing sites..., W.C. Feldman, W.V. Boynton, and R.M. Haberle (2005). Mars low-latitude neutron distribution: Possible... B.M. Hynek (2008). Astrobiological implications of Mars surface composition and properties, in..., and B.M. Jakosky, Magnetotail dynamics at Mars: Initial MAVEN observations, Geophys. Res..., Magnetic reconnection in the near-Mars magnetotail: MAVEN observations, Geophys. Res..., R. Lillis, R. Ergun, and B. M. Jakosky, Electric Mars: The first direct measurement of.... 180. Russell, C.T, B. M. Jakosky, Preface: The Mars Atmosphere and Volatile Evolution (MAVEN..., Planetary Report, 18 (4), 4-5. Jakosky, B.M. (1999). Mars water, climate, and life, Science... and climate evolution on Mars (invited), Mars Aeronomy Workshop, Southwest Research Inst...